THE SECRETARY-GENERAL – STATEMENT ON THE LAUNCH OF UNITED NATIONS POLICY BRIEF ON THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON AFRICA, New York, 20 May 2020
As COVID-19 spreads across the continent, Africa has responded swiftly to the pandemic, and as of now reported cases are lower than feared. Even so, much hangs in the balance.
In recent years Africans have done much to advance the well-being of the continent’s people. Economic growth has been strong. The digital revolution has taken hold. A free trade area has been agreed.
But the pandemic threatens African progress. It will aggravate long-standing inequalities and heighten hunger, malnutrition and vulnerability to disease. Already, demand for Africa’s commodities, tourism and remittances are declining. The opening of the trade zone has been pushed back – and millions could be pushed into extreme poverty.
The virus has taken more than 2500 African lives. Vigilance and preparedness are critical.
I commend what African countries have done already, together with the African Union.
Most have moved rapidly to deepen regional coordination, deploy health workers, and enforce quarantines, lockdowns and border closures.
They are also drawing on the experience of HIV/AIDS and Ebola to debunk rumours and overcome mistrust of government, security forces and health workers.
I express my total solidarity with the people and governments of Africa in tackling COVID-19.
United Nations agencies, country teams, peacekeeping operations and humanitarian workers are providing support.
United Nations solidarity flights have delivered millions of test kits, respirators and other supplies, reaching almost the entire continent.
The policy brief we are issuing today highlights a spectrum of urgent challenges.
We are calling for international action to strengthen Africa’s health systems, maintain food supplies, avoid a financial crisis, support education, protect jobs, keep households and businesses afloat, and cushion the continent against lost income and export earnings.
African countries should also have quick, equal and affordable access to any eventual vaccine and treatment, that must be considered global public goods I have been calling for a global response package amounting to at least 10 per cent of the world’s Gross Domestic Product. For Africa, that means more than $200 billion as additional support from the international community.
I also continue to advocate a comprehensive debt framework — starting with an across-the-board debt standstill for countries unable to service their debt, followed by targeted debt relief and a comprehensive approach to structural issues in the international debt architecture to prevent defaults.
It will also be essential for African countries to sustain their efforts to silence the guns and address violent extremism – and I welcome African support for my call for a global ceasefire. Political processes and elections in the coming months offer potential milestones for stability and peace.
Women will be central to every aspect of the response. Stimulus packages must prioritize putting cash in the hands of women and increasing social protection.
We must empower African youth. The human rights of all must be respected. Many difficult decisions will need to be taken as the pandemic unfolds, and it will be essential to retain the trust and participation of citizens throughout.
These are still early days for the pandemic in Africa, and disruption could escalate quickly. Global solidarity with Africa is an imperative – now and for recovering better.
Ending the pandemic in Africa is essential for ending it across the world.
THE Deputy SECRETARY-GENERAL BRIEFING TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON JOINT MISSION TO THE HORN OF AFRICA
New York, 4 November 2019
I would like to congratulate the United Kingdom on assuming the Presidency of the Security Council this month and thank South Africa for their successful Presidency during the month of October
Thank you for the invitation to brief the Security Council on my recent joint mission with the African Union to Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea and Somalia.
This is the fourth visit I have undertaken focused on women, peace and security and development, and the third joint solidarity’s mission with the African Union. I am pleased that Ambassador Fatima Kyari Mohammed is here to brief alongside me.
At the request of the Prime Minister, I also travelled with senior United Nations officials to Sudan, to focus on support for the transition, UNAMID, and women’s leadership.
These missions are an opportunity to strengthen implementation of our shared UN-AU frameworks – on peace and security, the 2030 and 2063 Agendas, and on Silencing the Guns.
I would like to commend the leadership of Chairperson Faki as well as the AU Special Envoy on Women, Peace and Security, Bineta Diop who led the AU delegation.
In each country we met heads of state, ministers, senior women government officials, civil society, the international community and our United Nations country teams and peacekeeping missions.
I left all five countries with a sense of hope and optimism. The chance for peace in this region is real. The international community together with these countries can find lasting solutions to the complex challenges of the region.
Each country is moving at its own pace through a process of reform and transformation. And in all countries, women are playing a critical leadership role in social cohesion, economic revival, and peace.
The leaders of these countries are making concrete efforts to place gender equality and greater representation of women at the heart of reforms in order to reap the benefits of the links between inclusion, stability and peace, and give substance to prevention efforts during complex transitions.
Ethiopia now has its first woman President and half its government ministers are women. Together they hold some of the most significant decision-making portfolios in the country.
The President is leading efforts at social cohesion, and women serve as Ministers of Peace, Labor and Infrastructure, and are at the helm of the National Election Commission and the Supreme Court. The programme of Government includes far reaching legal reforms for greater gender equality. All of this was cited by the Nobel Committee when they awarded Prime Minister Abiy the Peace Prize last month.
I also met with the Mothers for Peace Initiative who are working together across communities to repair the social fabric of the country, and with women who had served in UN peacekeeping given Ethiopia’s role as our largest troop contributing country.
In Somalia, we met the Prime Minister and dynamic female ministers who are introducing reforms to address the challenges of women’s low representation in political life. We heard from women in civil society, on the front lines of preventing the spread of violent extremism. We also met with the head of the National Independent Electoral Commission, who has a challenging task ahead of her. Our efforts in Somalia must prioritize financial support to free, fair and inclusive elections next year, as well as to the national development priorities of the government including debt relief.
There are islands of stability in country that can be built upon. But this will require more central government cooperation with federal members states as well as a road map for transitional justice and social reintegration.
In Eritrea, one of the few countries in the world where women fought in significant numbers on the frontlines of the independence movement, gender equality and women’s leadership is seen as an unquestioned reality. We met with young women entrepreneurs and saw the investments in critical infrastructure from multipurpose dams to solar power, and roads which will reintegrate the country with the region. Relations between Eritrea and their neighbors are nascent, but they are making strides, and there is a unique opportunity in this moment for the international community to support greater integration and sustainable peace.
In Djibouti we met with local women who have built community centres to care for children with disabilities and support refugee and migrant women, in a context where many young women are fleeing conflict or migrating seeking a better life only to become victims of human trafficking and horrendous abuse. The country has recently passed legislation that increases maternity leave and provides for greater protection from violence, gender parity in the civil service and private sector, and a quota for women in parliament.
In Sudan, I met some of the women who were the engine of the revolution and are now demanding equality and social inclusion across all strata of society.
All of this reinforces the need for us to question our own narrative and mindsets. The region
I saw is a region with some of the fastest growing economies on the continent, with rich natural resources, extraordinary capacity particularly among their youth, and genuine reforms. These are the elements that we need to support, and the narrative we need to share.
The road ahead for the Horn of Africa will not be easy. The foundations have been laid for a transition from peace to sustainable development. But building on these fragile foundations will require unity and cooperation across the region and common ground internationally to accompany these transitions.
This is particularly the case when it comes to the issue of refugees and internally displaced persons, of which there are tens of thousands, many of them vulnerable to trafficking. And equally in finding regional solutions to protection challenges, including sexual violence, in areas where conflict is still ongoing.
It was clear from our travels that this region is cut from the same fabric. Each country is its own shade, but they are interwoven. What happens in one country will impact the others, and so a regional approach and genuine collaboration is paramount. I am encouraged in this regard by signs of the revitalization of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development – IGAD. This platform will be essential to providing the necessary pathways we can all support.
This is also the reason why it was important that this was a joint mission with the African Union. In working together we can achieve so much more. As one government official said to us, the joint mission has changed the nature of the relationship with both the UN and AU, in terms of the quality and content of the dialogue. What is needed now is to maintain and deepen that dialogue and partnership, and to use this to encourage regional solutions and unity.
Finally, turning to Sudan. Last week, you heard from an amazing young woman, Alaa Salah, whose image became synonymous with the protests in Khartoum. I met Alaa, along with three other women’s civil society activists: Huda Shafig, Safaa Adamhere and Samah Mohamed in New York, after talking to their compatriots in Khartoum and El Fashir.
Thanks to the efforts of these amazing women and thousands more like them, Sudan is seeing a new dawn. We must be ready to support the people and government through a successful transition that lays the foundations for truly inclusive elections and sustained peace.
I welcome the recent unanimous extension by this Council of UNAMID’s mandate for one more year, and for its decision to include in that mandate support to the peace process and peacebuilding activities. During my visit to El Fashir and meetings with women from local communities, they made it clear that a premature drawdown could leave a security vacuum, exposing them to greater violence and putting at risk progress towards economic stability.
We have just taken part in a whole of system visioning exercise with the Sudanese government that will enable us to respond to the changing context and support Sudan’s priorities over the next three years.
This exercise establishes a vision for our partnership with the Sudanese people, our support to those leading the transition – the Forces for Freedom and Change, the Sovereignty Council and the Transitional Government – and the national development plan that they have jointly constituted. Our responses will sequence immediate and longer-term activities, in alignment with the priorities set by the government. These priorities include the peace process, economic and social development, economic reforms, the reintegration of internally displaced people, and comprehensive transitional justice and reconciliation.
These are tall orders, and while they need to be delivered urgently, expectations must also be managed. I urge the Council, and the international community more broadly, to assist to identify concrete actions which can be delivered in the short term over the next three months, maintaining momentum while addressing the mid and long term opportunities necessary for lasting peace.
At the same time, the government is committed to addressing root causes. I cannot put it better than the Sudanese Minister who told me: “It’s not peace documents that are missing in Sudan. We have shelves of beautifully worded peace agreements since independence. We need to address the root causes – exclusion, rights, marginalization, underdevelopment. We need a Marshall Plan for areas of our country and the support of the international community to deliver this.”
Responding to the opportunity in Sudan will require putting aside our usual ways of working. Development investment must accompany the transition if it is to take root and flourish. Continuous efforts in a wide range of critical areas – such as delisting and debt relief – will be urgently needed to give Sudan a fresh start. As will creative solutions for domestic resources and external investments, including tax reforms and recovering stolen assets.
While they are moving at different speeds, each country in this region is heading in the right direction. We must seize this opportunity to invest and support peace – towards women’s participation and leadership, education, peace dividends, free and fair elections, and the short-term high-impact projects that reach those who are farthest behind.
Having met with our UN staff in each country I can attest to their courage, sacrifice, commitment, motivation, and willingness to walk this road together in support of the collective goals of national counterparts. From our UNOAU office who are leading our partnership with the African Union on peace and security, to the innovative efforts of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime on trafficking in the region, UN Women’s work to mobilize and support women’s demands, UNDP’s role on sustainable development, the Economic Commission for Africa’s efforts at strengthening economies, and all those who serve in our UN Country Teams under the leadership of our Resident Coordinators alongside the critical work of our peacekeeping and political missions.
With the solidarity and support of the international community, these countries can overcome their challenges and become an anchor for growth and stability for the broader region and the African continent.
Finally I would like to pay tribute to our peacekeepers, and mention in particular our women in peacekeeping. In each country we visited it was starkly clear the critical importance of women serving in security forces, in the police, military, and in peacekeeping. These women against all odds, strengthen our protection efforts increase the credibility of our efforts, engage in local level mediation, and make communities feel more at ease. And yet we continue to deploy less than 4% female peacekeepers. Much more can and should be done. Women shared their practical challenges with us. Even where they are enrolled in their national security services, they are often not provided the opportunities they need to be deployed – from map reading to specific driving and computer skills. When they are deployed, they often contend with harassment, or are asked to serve tea and coffee rather than patrol communities. The kits we provide do not fit the needs of women. In contexts such as Somalia where head covering is needed, this is left to the individual women to secure. And while this may be the first time these words have been said in the Security Council, sanitary pads are a basic necessity for women and yet do not form part of their deployment kits.
As you return to the Open Debate on Women, Peace and Security this afternoon, I hope that these issues will be among those discussed.
I humbly urge this distinguished council to heed the winds of change so that we may continue to strive towards peace in all hearts and nations.
The Secretary-General’s Transcript of the Joint Press Stakeout between the Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Nairobi, 10 July 2019
To fight terrorism and to prevent violent extremism are fundamental priorities for the African Union, for the [United Nations], for Africa and for the world.
First of all, we need to make sure that we have the capacity to fight terrorism on the ground, with adequate security mechanisms. And I want to pay tribute to those African forces, the Joint Force in Lake Chad, the G5 Sahel, AMISOM, in which so many African soldiers and police agents have perished in the fight against terrorism. But I do believe that we need African forces in peace enforcing and counter-terrorism operations to be much more effectively supported than in the past. That means with strong mandates from the Security Council of the United Nations and with predictable funding, namely through assessed contributions.
But as important as fighting terrorism is preventing it from happening. The first prevention is, of course, to make sure that conflicts are stopped. And there is one conflict in particular that has been a factor of terrorism in different parts of the continent, the Libya conflict. Arms from Libya have gone everywhere and have been a factor of terrorism in different other parts of the continent.
To be much more effective in solving conflicts, in stopping wars, is an absolute element in the capacity to prevent terrorism, to develop; but then, also making sure that we understand that development is the best prevention for violent extremism and for terrorism.
And we need to mobilize much more international support [for] the implementation of the Agenda 2063 of the African Union that is fully in line with the sustainable development objectives of the UN in Agenda 2030. We need a fair globalization. We need a globalization with opportunities for all. We need to make sure that nobody is left behind, that nobody feels discriminated or abandoned.
On the other hand, it is also very important to prevent violent extremism, creating the conditions for the youth to fully participate in our societies: participating in the labor markets, jobs – job creation is an absolute priority; participating in the political life and in the social life; having a voice that is heard as we had this morning the privilege to listen to the Youth Envoy of the African Union; and also to recognize the role of women. Women that are sometimes targeted, particularly by terrorist groups, but that are the best mediators and the best elements of cohesion in our societies and prevention has a lot to do to build resilience in communities, to make sure that people understand that different religions, different ethnic groups, are not a cause of separation but are a richness that can be brought together to make societies resilient and able to prevent violent extremism.
In all this we will be working more and more together: the African Union, the UN, Member States, societies, civil societies… and we do believe that it is our obligation to raise awareness in the international community and to make the international community understand that to prevent violent extremism in Africa and to fight effectively terrorism in Africa is not only a matter of interest for the Africans, it’s a matter of global security. Terrorists today travel everywhere. Foreign fighters go everywhere. Preserving peace and security in Africa is the best way to preserve peace and security in the world.
Q: You called for African counter-terrorism operations to have a strong, clear mandate backed by the Security Council. In Mali you have this G5 force, which has this technical agreement with the United Nations. In your view, is it getting enough and doing enough with what it is getting? If not, should blue helmets be stepping in and taking a more proactive counter-terrorism role – because we’re seeing the insecurity spreading? And a linked question to that is – does the new MINUSMA mandate allow for a robust disarming of militia in the center? This is a question of the protection of civilians, but it’s also fueling insecurity of terrorist groups taking advantage of recruitment within their own ranks.
SG: When the G5 Sahel was formed, I clearly expressed to the Security Council my opinion, that it should be mandated under Chapter Seven and it should be financed through assessed contributions. And that will give the G5 Sahel a much stronger capacity to face the terrorist challenge that we have in Mali and around Mali.
Unfortunately, this was not accepted. Unfortunately, G5 Sahel was formed with resources that are not entirely predictable and with a mandate that is weaker. And, unfortunately, we are seeing that terrorism is progressing. It started in Mali. It went to Burkina Faso, Niger and now,
when we speak with the presidents of Ghana, Benin, Togo and Cote d’Ivoire, they see the terrorism coming to their borders – which means that it’s essential that African forces dealing with counter-terrorism have the adequate mandate and the adequate financing. But I have to say that things have evolved in such a way that we should be open to initiatives that go beyond the G5 Sahel. I think now, it will be important that we are open to support any African initiative involving all the countries of a region in which the threats that is spreading feel concerned.
I had the occasion to have several contacts with presidents of Western Africa. And to clearly note that they believe that we need a much more robust and collective response, that international community needs to find the mechanisms to fully support it.
In relation to MINUSMA: MINUSMA is not a counter-terrorism operation, MINUSMA is a peacekeeping operation. And MINUSMA is indeed something that should be noted by the international community. We made a huge effort to make peacekeeping safer and more effective in the protection of civilians. And we were quite successful. As a matter of fact, the indicators have shown better performance and less casualties. Practically this year, we only have casualties in Mali because MINUSMA is called to do things that go far beyond traditional peacekeeping operations. And now, the mandate has indeed given, I would say, more clear responsibility in relation to the center of Mali. But let’s be obvious, let’s be clear on this – what Mali requires is much more than a peacekeeping operation. What Mali requires, is a much more effective mechanism of peace enforcing and counter-terrorism, supported by the peacekeeping operation and this is a problem that is yet to be solved.
Q: Kenya has seen a lot of terrorist attacks from Al Shabaab, which is a Somali based organization, the most recent being earlier this year. Kenya has requested a couple of times for the United Nations to list it as a terrorist group within the ranks of the ISIS and Al Qaeda’s of this world.
And my second question would be, what would it take for the United Nations to urge more of the international community to step in and help countries like Kenya to deal with the issue of terrorism and radicalization?
SG: We have today a very important cooperation between the UN and Kenya, between our Office of Counter-Terrorism and Kenya, between our Country Team and Kenya in relation to the prevention of violent extremism, in relation to counter-terrorism. But it is true that Kenya has been asking for certain number of entities to be named as terrorist organizations and that, until now, was not decided by the relevant bodies of the UN. I fully believe that Kenya has been indeed facing what is a series of terrorist acts and that they should be named as such.
Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General on Ethiopia,
New York, 23 June 2019
The Secretary General is deeply concerned by the weekend’s deadly incidents in Ethiopia. He condemns the killing of the president of the Amhara National Region, the chief of staff of the Ethiopian National Defence Force and two other senior civilian and military staff. He calls on all Ethiopian stakeholders to demonstrate restraint, prevent violence and avoid any action that could undermine the peace and stability of Ethiopia.
The Secretary General welcomes the commitment of the Prime Minister and Government of Ethiopia to ensure that the perpetrators of these actions are brought to justice.
The United Nations remains committed to supporting the Government of Ethiopia in its efforts to address ongoing challenges.
Stephane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General
New York, 23 June 2019
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL’S MESSAGE ON AFRICA DAY
New York, 25 May 2019
Earlier this year, during a visit to Ethiopia, I spent time with schoolgirls from 34 African countries who were learning to code. They were not only developing their skills; they were challenging gender stereotypes and embracing the inclusive digital technology that will be critical to take the continent towards a low carbon, climate resilient future.
The boundless energy and optimism of Africa’s young people are propelling the continent into a new era of sustainable development, through the implementation of African Union’s visionary Agenda 2063 in alignment with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
On Africa Day, we mark the fifty-sixth anniversary of the founding of the AU and celebrate its role in creating African solutions to African challenges.
Since I assumed office in 2017, I have prioritized the strategic partnership between the United Nations and the African Union. I am proud to say there has been a quantum leap in our cooperation, from the institutionalization of the annual United Nations-African Union Conferences, to the new joint AU-UN Frameworks on peace and security and sustainable development, and the Joint Declaration on cooperation for African Union-led peace support operations. We are providing strong support to AU initiatives on prevention and mediation, including Silencing the Guns by 2020 and the African Women Leaders Network.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the AU’s Agenda 2063 are aligned around the importance of a people-centered and planet-sensitive transformation. Eradicating poverty is the overriding priority of both agendas. We are working closely together on mainstreaming the 2030 Agenda and Agenda 2063 in national development plans and cooperating on unlocking new opportunities from the African Continental Free Trade Area.
I particularly commend the AU on choosing the theme “Refugees, returnees and IDPs: Towards Durable Solutions to Forced Displacement in Africa” for 2019. Africa’s commitment to the safety and dignity of refugees is an example to the world. Together, we must make preventing and responding to forced displacement a core element of the sustainable development agenda, not only in Africa but around the world.
We are also working closely with the AU and African Member States to combat climate change, the defining issue of our time. The African continent makes a negligible contribution to climate change but is suffering some of its most dramatic and devastating consequences. Unless we reduce emissions rapidly, climate change will have serious consequences that will undermine both sustainable development and security across Africa.
The renewed emphasis on the strategic partnership between the United Nations and the African Union is already producing results. Let us build on these strong foundations to make our cooperation more effective, efficient and mutually-reinforcing, based on the principles of African ownership, mutual respect, complementarity and interdependence.
Secretary-General’s remarks at press encounter with
Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairperson of the African Union Commission
New York, 6 May 2019
SG: This summit is a demonstration that the partnership between the African Union and the UN is an absolutely central, strategic partnership for the United Nations. We consider that our work, in peace and security, in human rights, in development, in relation to climate change – our work can only succeed in the world if it succeeds in Africa. We believe that our work can only succeed in Africa if we work hand in hand together with the African Union.
We have worked, looking into all the crisis situations that exist in Africa, and I believe that we have established a clear mutual understanding, seeing eye to eye in relation to each of the situations, and having a firm decision to work together to help overcome the crises still existing in the continent.
But there are two central messages that I would like to convey today. One is in relation to climate change. Climate change is the defining issue of our time. The African continent practically does not contribute to climate change, but the African continent is one of the areas of the world where the impact of climate change is more dramatic and devastating. Look at the storms in Mozambique and Zimbabwe and Malawi or look at the drought progressing dramatically in areas like the Sahel.
We are not winning the battle in relation to climate change. We need more ambition in mitigation, more ambition in adaptation, more ambition in financing in order to create the conditions to reverse the present trends. This is the reason why we will have our climate summit in September. It is absolutely essential for states, for the business community, for cities, for all to assume the engagement to reduce emissions by 45% to 2030, and to come to a net zero emissions in 2050. Without that, the African continent will inevitably have dramatic impacts that will undermine its development and will undermine its security, and the whole world will suffer.
Second, we have a common project, the Agenda 2063 of African Development and the Agenda 2030 of sustainable development globally. The two agendas are aligned, but the two agendas that aim at a fair globalization, aim at development that is sustainable and that is inclusive, cannot be implemented without financing. And a common battle that we will be facing in the next few months is to make sure that there is a quantum leap in the available financing to development, not only in the African continent, but particularly in the African continent, that is not only from the point of view of the expression of international solidarity, but it is from the point of view of enlightened self- interest.
Development in Africa is a fundamental precondition for more equilibrium, for more peace in the world, for phenomena like migration to be more easily handled, and so it in the interests of the whole international community to substantially increase the financing for development available for African countries.
These are two battles – climate change and financing for development – in which the African Union and the UN will work hand in hand in the months to come.
Q: Secretary-General, you have had little success so far in your call for a ceasefire in Libya, the one for Ramadan. What is your message to General [Khalifa] Haftar, and to Mr. Faki, what is the African Union doing to help achieve a ceasefire in Libya. Who are you speaking with, and what are you doing for the many African migrants caught in the conflict?
SG: I have no message, in particular, for any person. I have a message to all Libyans at the present moment. In line with the position that was taken by the Peace and Security Council of the African Union, we strongly appeal for a cessation of hostilities, for a ceasefire. At least we have now an initiative, as you know, for a truce during Ramadan, but what we need is a ceasefire, a cessation of hostilities and foreign interference to allow Libyans to be able to once again come together and discuss seriously, politically, a way through. We had common initiatives, a common roadmap that included, and we were prepared for that, a national conference to take place in Libya, and then a national reconciliation conference to take place in Addis [Ababa]. We hope that conditions will be reestablished, allowing for these initiatives to move again in the future, but for the moment the main priority is a ceasefire in Libya.
Q: A follow up question, and I would like to try again on General Haftar – to both of you, what do you make of his current moves and his plan to continue his offensive during Ramadan, and Secretary-General, is he again showing you what he showed you when you were visiting Libya, which is utter defiance?
SG: My position is very clear. It is an appeal [for] a ceasefire, which means cessation of hostilities, which means no more offensive. That is very clear.
Q: I would like to ask about Sudan. Mr. Secretary-General, how do you see the measures taken by the authorities in Khartoum regarding the transition, and do you have a message for the authorities in terms of the time that authority will be moved to a civilian government?
SG: Our position has been very clear. I have a Special Adviser on Sudan, [Nicholas] Haysom, and his mission is to support the efforts of the African Union to reach a successful, peaceful transition in Sudan. Chairperson Faki was in Sudan, and so I will ask him, please, to convey the message that I believe is the most important one, as we are, in this regard, working closely to support the African Union initiatives.
Q: Thank you very much for the briefing. My question is about climate. There is a report out today that was… scientists in addition to UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) and UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) that says that one million plant and animal species may be extinct in the coming years. Africa is mentioned. You talked about cooperation and a lot of agreements. Is it too late, and what can be done to reverse this tide? Thank you.
SG: It is not too late, but we are getting close to the moment in which it will be irreversible, that we will not be able to reach the end of the century with only 1.5 degrees of global warming. It is absolutely essential not to go beyond that, because the impacts in the world will be catastrophic. And one of the impacts is in relation to biodiversity. But there are many more. Our objective is to make sure that the ambition that was established in Paris is now increased.
We need several things: we need carbon pricing, everywhere. We need the end of subsidies to fossil fuels, everywhere. We have been advocating for the need not to have more coal electric plants being built after 2020, and we are asking for a number of very important transformations – in industry, in energy, in mobility, in agriculture, and in consumption – a transformation that will make us able to reverse the present trend and to guarantee that the increase in temperature until the end of the century will not be above 1.5 [degrees]. But we are not yet there. We are still losing the battle. Climate change is still running faster than we are, and if we don’t reverse this trend, it will be a tragedy for the whole world, and Africa will be particularly affected negatively by that.
SECURITY COUNCIL PRESS STATEMENT ON CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC,
28 March 2019
The members of the Security Council were briefed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), Mankeur Ndiaye, on 26 March 2019, on the results of the consultations that took place between the Government of the CAR and 14 armed groups in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from March 18th to March 20th at the invitation of the African Union and the Economic Community of Central African States and with the support of the United Nations.
The members of the Security Council welcomed the consensus reached by the signatory parties to the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in CAR regarding the formation of an inclusive government in line with article 21 of the Political Agreement, as well as the engagement of the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States and the United Nations. They further took note of the announcement of a new government by the CAR authorities.
The members of the Security Council urged the Central African stakeholders to implement the peace agreement in good faith and without delay in order to meet the aspirations expressed by the people of the CAR to peace, security, justice, reconciliation, inclusivity and development.
The members of the Security Council called on neighboring countries, regional organizations and all international partners to support the implementation of the peace agreement.
The members of the Security Council expressed their strong support to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of MINUSCA, Mankeur Ndiaye, in fulfilling its mission and agreed to continue to monitor the situation in the CAR closely.
UN Secretary-General’s remarks to the 32nd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union
Your Excellency Mr. Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi,
President of the Arab Republic of Egypt and
Chairperson of the African Union,
Your Excellency Mr. Moussa Faki Mahamat,
Chairperson of the African Union Commission,
Ladies and gentlemen,
Thank you for the opportunity to address this august Assembly.
I commend President Kagame for his leadership over the past year, and I congratulate incoming chairperson, President Al-Sisi.
Let me begin on a personal note, linked to the theme of this year’s meeting.
In the search for durable solutions to forced displacement, the world – and, indeed,
I personally – have drawn constant inspiration from African leadership, African vision and African compassion.
Africa hosts nearly a third of the world’s refugees and internally displaced persons.
Despite the continent’s own social, economic and security challenges, Africa’s governments and people have kept borders, doors and hearts open to millions in need.
Unfortunately, this example has not been followed everywhere.
Unfortunately, generosity is not proportional to wealth.
Africa has set the gold standard for solidarity.
Five decades ago, the continent adopted the 1969 OAU Refugee Convention – which goes beyond even the landmark 1951 Refugee Convention by expanding the definition of a refugee.
Ten years ago, you took a step further in adopting the Kampala Convention on Internally Displaced Persons – the first and only regional convention of its kind.
In 2015, the Abidjan Declaration was a pioneering moment in the global fight to eradicate statelessness.
And last year, African leadership helped secure the adoption of two pivotal Global Compacts – on Refugees and on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
I have seen the words of these crucial Conventions and Declarations come to life in every corner of this continent through the spirit of African compassion.
I will never forget seeing Liberian farmers share their seed rice for the next planting season to feed desperate newcomers fleeing civil unrest in Côte d’Ivoire.
I will always remember the electric air of joy as I stood with Congolese returning from Tanzania, joined a repatriation convoy to South Sudan or rode on a truck carrying Liberians home from Sierra Leone.
And my heart still breaks as I recall people such as Musleema, a Somali woman refugee I met in Dollo Ado, Ethiopia.
She walked two weeks and lost three of her six children along the way before finally finding desperately needed safety and care.
Over many years, it has become clear to me: Africa’s generosity to those seeking havens from war and persecution is unmatched.
As High Commissioner for Refugees, I greatly admired and depended on that solidarity.
And from day one as Secretary-General, I have been determined to forge ever closer ties between the United Nations and Africa.
Indeed, there has been a quantum leap in our strategic cooperation with the African Union.
We have signed Joint Frameworks on Peace and Security and on Sustainable Development.
We have institutionalized UN-AU Annual Conferences at the summit level.
We have conducted numerous joint high-level visits across the continent.
Chairperson Faki and I recently signed a Joint Declaration on cooperation for peace support operations.
And the AU Commission and the UN Secretariat held our first Human Rights Dialogue – an encouraging step on a critical issue.
We have much to show from our combined efforts – and are better positioned to address our shared challenges.
I would like to highlight three such challenges today: peace and security, sustainable development and climate change.
On peace and security, strong winds of hope are blowing across the African continent.
The African Union’s efforts to “silence the guns” by 2020 are gaining ground.
The UN surge in diplomacy for peace is producing results.
The fruits of our strategic partnerships are indeed making a difference.
Ethiopia and Eritrea have shown the way and I pay tribute to wisdom and leadership wisdom and leadership of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali of Ethiopia.
In the Central African Republic, the signing of a peace agreement this week – led by the AU with UN support — can prove to be an important step on the long path to ending bloodshed.
In South Sudan, the agreement – facilitated by IGAD — between the parties to the conflict has revitalized chances for peace.
And, in Libya, the ceasefire in and around Tripoli brokered by the United Nations is still holding despite difficulties.
Our efforts have helped stabilize the currency, brought some measure of economic relief and enabled a realistic prospect for security reform.
Now it is time to help unite the Libyan people to advance the political process through a National Conference paving the way for reconciliation and future elections.
All this remarkable progress in conflict resolution in Africa shows the determination of the African Union and the United Nations.
A similar story is unfolding with respect to prevention.
I welcome the first peaceful transition of power in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since independence in 1960.
In Mali, presidential elections were successfully organized in line with Mali’s constitutional and legal frameworks.
In Madagascar, the peaceful presidential elections are testament to the responsibility of national stakeholders and to our close cooperation.
It is in this context of renewed hope that we increase our mutual support to peace operations in Africa.
To consolidate and build on our gains, I launched the Action for Peacekeeping initiative to enable our missions to be more effective, better equipped, safer and more robust.
I thank African Member States and the African Union Commission for endorsing this effort.
African countries provide nearly half of all Blue Helmets deployed worldwide, including some two-thirds of all women peacekeepers and the majority of United Nations police.
Their service and sacrifice are always at the forefront of our minds.
Just yesterday, three Ethiopian peacekeepers serving in the United Nations mission in Abyei were killed when their helicopter crashed. I want to extend my deep solidarity and condolences to their families, as well as to the government and people of Ethiopia. I wish a speedy recovery to all those injured.
But our peacekeeping operations are increasingly being called into areas where there is no peace to keep.
That is why I have been repeatedly expressing my support for African peace enforcing and counter terrorism operations.
I salute the sacrifices of the African soldiers in AMISOM, the G5 Joint Force, and the Multinational Joint Task Force in the Lake Chad Basin.
To be fully effective, these African peace operations require robust mandates from the Security Council and predictable, sustainable financing, including assessed contributions.
You can count on my full support fighting for that effort.
I also welcome our joint advocacy for women’s leadership in peace processes and political agreements.
Groups such as FemWise and the African Women Leaders Network are making invaluable contributions and are important initiatives for joint UN-AU collaboration.
Women’s equality, meaningful participation and leadership are critical to lasting peace.
Monsieur le Président de la République,
Monsieur le Président de la Commission de
Mesdames et Messieurs,
Nous savons tous qu’il ne saurait y avoir de paix durable sans développement durable.
Nous devons consolider tous les gains obtenus sur le plan de la paix et de la sécurité en nous attaquant aux causes profondes des conflits.
L’ONU est fermement déterminée à soutenir l’Agenda 2063 de l’Union africaine et le Programme 2030 de l’Organisation.
Mais la communauté mondiale est à la traîne pour ce qui est de résoudre deux problèmes majeurs : atteindre les objectifs de développement durable et lutter contre les changements climatiques.
Le monde ne va pas suffisamment loin, ou suffisamment vite, pour faire de la promesse des objectifs de développement durable une réalité.
Au rythme actuel, nous n’accomplirons que la moitié du travail et financement est essentiel.
Les pays développés doivent s’acquitter des obligations découlant du Programme d’action d’Addis-Abeba.
Je félicite l’action menée par les pays africaines pour mobiliser des ressources nationales, notamment grâce à une réforme fiscale, à la lutte contre la corruption et à d’autres mesures de bonne gouvernance.
Dans le même temps, la communauté internationale doit agir de manière bien plus efficace pour combattre les flux illicites de capitaux, le blanchiment d’argent et l’évasion fiscale, qui continuent de drainer des ressources vitales du continent africain la plus part vers les pays développés.
We have another mighty challenge before us.
Climate change is still moving much faster than our efforts to slow it.
Just this past week, the World Meteorological Organization confirmed that the last four years have been the hottest since records began – emphasizing the urgency of accelerated climate action.
Climate change is an existential threat — particularly here in Africa, which has least responsibility for the crisis but will shoulder some of the heaviest burden.
Global emissions continue to rise and the essential target of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees becomes ever more elusive.
We need more ambition – ambition on adaptation, ambition on mitigation, ambition on finance and ambition on innovation.
I will convene a Climate Summit in New York in September to spur action by political leaders, the business community and civil society.
This includes mobilizing the $100 billion dollars a year for climate action pledged by developed world.
Grandes desafios persistem, mas há ventos de esperança a soprar por toda a nossa agenda comum.
África está a avançar e há razões reais para otimismo.
As Nações Unidas continuarão a trabalhar convosco em prol de um futuro pacífico e próspero para todos os Africanos.
Readout of the Secretary-General’s meeting with H.E. Mr. Faustin Archange Touadéra, President of the Central African Republic
The Secretary-General met with H.E. Mr. Faustin Archange Touadéra, President of the Central African Republic. The Secretary-General and the President discussed the political process in Central African Republic. The Secretary-General congratulated the President for the signature of the peace agreement between the Government of the Central African Republic and armed groups on 6 February. The Secretary-General stressed the importance of the continued engagement of the Central African authorities and regional and international partners in the implementation phase of the agreement. The Secretary-General expressed hope that the population could rapidly benefit from concrete peace dividends.
United Nations Secretary-General appoints Mr. Mankeur Ndiaye of Senegal
as Special Representative for the Central African Republic, New York, 6 February 2019
United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres today announced the appointment of Mr. Mankeur Ndiaye of Senegal as his new Special Representative for the Central African Republic (CAR) and Head of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA).
Mr. Ndiaye succeeds Mr. Parfait Onanga-Anyanga of Gabon, who has been leading the Mission since August 2015. The Secretary-General is grateful for Mr. Onanga-Anyanga’s unwavering commitment to supporting the CAR in particular during the 2014-2016 transition period, culminating in the Bangui Forum and the 2016 elections. SRSG Onanga-Anyanga’s leadership, integrity, personal commitment and tireless efforts have been crucial, including in support of the ongoing peace process as part of the Panel of Facilitators of the African Initiative.
Mr. Ndiaye is a seasoned diplomat and brings over 27 years of experience in diplomacy and international affairs, including as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Senegal from 2012 to 2017. Most recently, Mr. Ndiaye served as Chairman of the National Committee on Extractives Industries Transparency Initiative in Senegal (EITI).
Prior to his ministerial appointment, he served as the Ambassador of Senegal to France (2012) and to Mali (2010-2012). He has also held the position of Chief of Staff of the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2003 to 2009. From 1997 to 2003, Mr. Ndiaye worked at the Permanent Mission of Senegal to the United Nations in New York.
Earlier in his career, he served as Technical Adviser in the Office of the Minister of State, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Senegalese Abroad, in charge of economic, technical and financial cooperation. He also served as the Chief of Staff of the Minister of African Economic Integration and as the Chief of Staff of the Minister of Economy, Finance and Planning. Previously, he held the positions of Head of the Personnel and Social Affairs Division and Deputy Director of Administration and Equipment at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Mr. Ndiaye graduated from the National School of Administration/ Diplomatic Section in 1991 in Senegal.
Born in 1960, Mr. Ndiaye is married and has three children.
New York, 6 February 2019
Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the signing of the Central African Republic peace agreement, New York, 6 February 2019
On the occasion of the signing of the Global Peace Agreement between the Government of the Central African Republic and armed groups, on 6 February in Bangui, the Secretary-General congratulates all stakeholders for the successful conclusion of the talks that took place in Khartoum, Sudan.
The Secretary-General commends the leadership role of the African Union in the talks, which were carried out with the support of the United Nations in the framework of the African Initiative for peace and reconciliation in the Central African Republic. The Secretary-General encourages all stakeholders to live up to their commitments in the implementation period.
The Secretary-General reiterates the United Nations’ commitment to assist the Central African Republic at this critical stage, and calls on neighboring countries, regional organizations and all international partners to support the courageous steps that Central Africans have made to bring lasting peace and stability in their country.
Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General
New York, 6 February 2019
United Nations Secretary-General Appoints Hanna Serwaa Tetteh of Ghana as Special Representative to the African Union and Head of the United Nations Office to the African Union, New York, 10 December 2018
United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres today announced the appointment of Hanna Serwaa Tetteh of Ghana as his Special Representative to the African Union and Head of the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU). She succeeds Sahle-Work Zewde of Ethiopia to whom the Secretary-General reiterates his deep gratitude and appreciation for her dedicated service to the Organization.
Ms. Tetteh brings to this position decades of progressively responsible experience at the national, regional and international levels, including well-honed skills in building consensus among stakeholders and knowledge of the Organization, in order to strengthen the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in the area of peace and security.
Currently the Director-General of the United Nations Office at Nairobi, she served previously in the cabinet of the Government of Ghana as Minister for Foreign Affairs and a member of the National Security Council and the Armed Forces Council (2013-2017), as well as Minister for Trade and Industry (2009-2013). From 2014 to 2015 she was the Chairperson of the Council of Ministers as well as Chairperson of the Mediation & Security Council of the Economic Community of West African States. During her term as Minister for Trade and Industry, she was also a member of the Government’s economic management team, the board of the Millennium Development Authority and the National Development Planning Commission, and was also the Chairperson of the Ghana Free Zones Board. From January to February 2009 she served as Spokesperson for President John Evans Atta Mills’ Administration transition team.
A National Democratic Congress (NDC) Member of Parliament for the Awutu Senya Constituency (2000-2005), she later returned to Parliament as the NDC Member of Parliament for the Awutu Senya West Constituency (2013-2017). She was appointed Co-Facilitator in the High-Level Forum for the Revitalisation of the Agreement for the resolution of the conflict in South Sudan (2017-2018).
Ms. Tetteh holds a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from the University of Ghana, Legon. She was called to the Ghana Bar in October 1992.
Note to Correspondents: JOINT DECLARATION OF THE CHAIRPERSON OF THE AFRICAN UNION COMMISSION AND THE SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS, New York, 6 December 2018
Renew their continued commitment to strengthen the strategic partnership between the two Organizations in an effort to promote peace and security, good governance, sustainable development, as well as human rights on the African continent, in accordance, respectively, with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, the Constitutive Act of the African Union, the Joint United Nations – African Union Framework for Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security signed in New York on 19 April 2017 and the Joint Framework for Implementation of Africa’s Agenda 2063 and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development signed in Addis Ababa on 27 January 2018;
Recognize the imperative for close cooperation and coordination, based on their respective comparative advantages and complementarity in peace and security, and burden-sharing on the basis of a collective responsibility to respond early, coherently and decisively to prevent, manage, and resolve violent conflict;
Welcome the adoption of the Declaration of Shared Commitments on UN Peacekeeping Operations by United Nations Member States and various intergovernmental organizations in September 2018, and in this regard, reiterate that African Union peace support operations (AU PSOs) are a vital tool in the international peace and security architecture, including in peace enforcement and counter-terrorism, for which the African Union, Regional Economic Communities, Regional Mechanisms (RECs/RMs), and Member States have demonstrated a comparative advantage in leading response efforts on behalf of the international community;
Recall Security Council Resolution 2320 (2016) of 18 November 2016, in which the Security Council stressed the need to enhance the predictability, sustainability and flexibility of financing for African Union-led PSOs authorized by the Security Council and under the Security Council’s authority consistent with Chapter VIII of the Charter, and Security Council Resolution 2378 (2017) of 20 September 2017, in which the Security Council expressed its intention to give further consideration to practical steps that can be taken, and the conditions necessary, to establish the mechanism through which African Union-led PSOs could be partly financed through United Nations assessed contributions on a case by case basis;
Further recall the “Report of the African Union-United Nations Panel on Modalities for Support to African Union Peacekeeping Operations”, presented to the Security Council and the General Assembly in Document A/63/666 – S/2008/813 of 31 December 2008, the “Report of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations on uniting our strengths for peace: politics, partnership and people”, presented to the Security Council and the General Assembly in Document A/70/95 – S/2015/446 of 17 June 2015 (“Hippo Report”), the “Report of the joint African Union-United Nations review of available mechanisms to finance and support African Union peace support operations authorized by the United Nations Security Council”, presented to the Security Council and the General Assembly in Document A/71/410 – S/2016/809 of 28 September 2016, the Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council on options for authorization and support for African Union PSOs S/2017/454 of 26 May 2017 (hereinafter, “the Secretary-General’s Report S/2017/454 to the Security Council”),
and the Report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the AU Peace Fund, “Implementing an Enhanced Governance and Accountability Framework”, as well as of the “Report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the Relevant Provisions of UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2320 (2016) on UN Assessed Contributions for AU mandated or authorised Peace Support Operations authorised by the UN Security Council” and the Communiqué of the African Union Peace and Security Council adopted at its 689th Meeting on 30 May 2017 PSC/PR/COMM. (DCLXXXIX), and emphasize the need of a vision for a stronger global-regional partnership for peace and security to ensure that the Security Council is able to call upon a more resilient and capable network of actors in response to future threats against peace and security in Africa;
Stress that the United Nations should embrace a future role of not only working alongside regional organizations but also enabling them to share the burden in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. In particular, the signatories are convinced, as stated in the Hippo Report, that the United Nations should deepen its strategic partnership with the African Union and, on a case-by-case basis, provide enabling support, including through more predictable financing, to African Union PSOs when authorized by the Security Council, even as the African Union builds its own capacity and resources for that purpose;
Express strong commitment to continue strengthening joint planning and consultative decision-making, joint budgeting, improved financial accountability, management and reporting, and greater accountability, transparency, and compliance with international humanitarian, human rights and refugee law;
Welcome the continued collaboration between the African Union Commission and the United Nations Secretariat, including through the Joint Taskforce on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 2320 (2016) and 2378 (2017), and in this regard, endorse the following outcomes of the AU-UN consultative meeting held on 29 and 30 October 2018 in Addis Ababa; continue reading click https://www.un.org/sg/en/content/sg/note-correspondents/2018-12-06/note-correspondents-joint-declaration-chairperson-african
Statement attributable to the Spokesperson of the Secretary-General on African Union reforms, New York, 22 November
The Secretary-General commends the African Union and particularly the Chairperson of the African Union, President Paul Kagame, and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, for the progress achieved on the institutional reform of the continental organisation adopted at the 11thExtraordinary Summit of the AU Assembly of Heads of State and Government, held in Addis Ababa on 17 and 18 November.
The decisions of the African Union Assembly of Heads of States and Governments on the new structure of the Commission and on the selection of its senior leadership send a strong message of the commitment of its membership to underpin the work of the Union with accountable and effective leadership.
The Secretary-General also welcomes the further operationalization of the African Union Peace Fund and the appointment of its Board of Trustees to facilitate flexible, predictable and sustainable financing of the African Union peace and security activities.
The Secretary-General reiterates the commitment of the United Nations to support the African Union Commission in these efforts.
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL’S REMARKS TO SECURITY COUNCIL OPEN DEBATE ON “PEACE AND SECURITY IN AFRICA: STRENGTHENING PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS IN AFRICA
New York, 20 November 2018
Peacekeeping is a remarkable exercise in global solidarity. United Nations peacekeepers are ready to pay the ultimate price for peace, and we are all in their debt.
Last week, eight of our peacekeepers, all from African countries – Malawi and Tanzania, were killed in the line of duty. Most were trying to prevent an attack on the town of Beni in the Democratic Republic of Congo and create a safe environment for those working to end the Ebola outbreak there. I send my deepest condolences to their families, and to the families of all peacekeepers killed in the line of duty.
I dare ask you please if you could stand and observe a moment of silence for the fallen.
[Moment of silence.]
I thank the Chinese Presidency for convening this open debate on strengthening peacekeeping operations in Africa, and for China’s contributions to UN peacekeeping operations in Africa and around the world.
Some 2,500 uniformed Chinese personnel, including well-trained and equipped individual and formed police units, are making an important contribution to multilateral efforts for peace.
I welcome President Xi’s pledge to establish a Peacekeeping Standby Force and hope to build on the 13 units that have already been registered.
The African continent hosts seven of the fourteen UN peacekeeping missions and more than 80 per cent of the UN’s peacekeepers. African countries provide nearly half of United Nations Blue Helmets deployed around the world, including almost two-thirds of all women peacekeepers, and the majority of UN police officers.
Peacekeeping in Africa continues to present some of our greatest challenges. United Nations missions are carrying out complex operations with multidimensional mandates in extremely dangerous environments. Transnational crime, non-state armed groups and terrorist groups pose serious challenges, sometimes targeting our peacekeepers directly.
Against this backdrop, our partnership with the African Union and African Member States is vital to our collective efforts for peace, and we must continue working to strengthen it.
There is excellent cooperation at the highest levels. AU Commission Chairperson Moussa Faki Mahamat and I have signed two Joint United Nations-African Union Frameworks, on Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security and on the Implementation of Agenda 2063 and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. These frameworks are already promoting coherence, efficiency and effectiveness in our common action.
The Deputy Secretary-General and senior officials from the African Union have undertaken several joint visits to the continent.
The Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations and the Commissioner for Peace and Security, that we have with us today, at the African Union have conducted joint visits to the Central African Republic, Sudan and South Sudan. The role of women in peace and security was at the heart of their recent visit to South Sudan.
I am also encouraged by African support for my Action for Peacekeeping initiative. This aims to mobilize all partners and stakeholders to first refocus peacekeeping around more realistic mandates; second, to make our missions stronger and safer; and third, to mobilize greater collective support for political solutions, and for well-equipped and well-trained troops.
More than 150 governments have signed the Declaration of Shared Commitments in support of Action for Peacekeeping, including 42 on the African continent.
Partnerships with troop-contributing countries, with regional organizations, particularly the African Union, and with host governments are critical to the success of this initiative — which is already showing results.
The Action for Peacekeeping initiative was also informed by the recommendations of the Santos Cruz Report on improving the safety and security of our peacekeepers. This also led to the development of an Action Plan to address the performance and security of UN peacekeepers.
Our operations are now taking a more proactive posture to make these improvements. We are adopting innovative measures to train and equip our troops. And undertaken independent reviews of our missions to determine how we can better fulfil our mandates.
We will continue to remain vigilant and review the results of these steps.
At the same time, our reforms of the UN’s peace and security architecture will improve performance by providing more integrated analyses and stronger country and regional strategies. Closer integration of conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding will allow us to put sustainable development at the heart of our work.
Increasing the numbers of women in peacekeeping at all levels is another way to improve the effectiveness of our operations.
I am taking steps to ensure that my gender parity strategy is implemented across all our peacekeeping missions, and to increase the numbers of female troops and police.
We are also mobilizing to tackle sexual exploitation and abuse in our ranks, including our peacekeeping missions, putting the rights and dignity of victims front and centre. We are providing more support to victims, and more effective capacity in seeking justice. We have stepped up training and improved investigations.
Dozens of world leaders have joined the Circle of Leadership in support of measures to implement a zero-tolerance policy, and 100 countries have signed voluntary compacts with the UN to tackle these issues.
The era of silence and taboos around this issue is over. The era of accountability has begun.
The United Nations and African Union are cooperating more closely than ever before. African peace operations, including those mandated by the African Union, have played a key role in maintaining peace and security on the continent. They deserve predictable systems of support.
Chairperson Faki and I will soon sign a Joint Communiqué guiding the work of the Secretariat and the AU Commission in strengthening UN peacekeeping operations in Africa, paving the way for more adequately-supported African peace operations.
We are working closely with the AU on joint planning for the mandating of their peace support operations, and on legal and human rights compliance frameworks.
As I have told this Council before, we need to understand that UN peacekeeping has limits. We face more and more situations where we need peace-enforcement and counter-terrorism operations that can only be carried out by our partners – namely, the African Union and various sub-regional organizations.
It is essential that African-led Peace Operations acting under the Security Council’s authority are provided with strong mandates and predictable, sustainable and flexible finance, including through UN assessed contributions where appropriate.
I have appealed to the international community to support the regional G5 Sahel Joint Force in combatting terrorism and organized crime. I am grateful to the European Union and other donors who have pledged to the Force, but so far, almost half the pledges have not been earmarked, let alone disbursed.
There has been progress over the past year.
The Joint Force has reached initial operational capacity. But we are far from what is needed to meet the security challenges of the Sahel. An adequate level of funding would enable the force to fill equipment shortfalls and capability gaps, and to better address the serious threats facing the region.
In our interconnected age, security challenges on one continent present a risk to the whole world. The factors that drive conflict in Africa – including poverty, youth unemployment, climate change, competition for resources, and transnational crime – threaten global security.
Improving the impact and effectiveness of peacekeeping in Africa is a collective responsibility.
We will continue to tackle it with our African partners, across the continent and around the world.
African Union-United Nations
23 September 2018
The Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres, met today in New York in the margins of the seventy-third session of the United Nations General Assembly.
They discussed issues central to the strategic partnership between the African Union and the United Nations, in line with the two joint frameworks they signed in 2017 and 2018 on peace, security and development.
They renewed their commitment to work closely together to support an effective multilateral global system and to advance peace, sustainable development and human rights in Africa.
They exchanged views on the ongoing reforms in the African Union and United Nations, aimed at making the Organizations more effective and efficient.
The Secretary-General commended the African Union and its Member States for the highest level of contributions reached by the AU Peace Fund since its creation in 1993. In this regard, both leaders advocated for the urgent need to secure predictable and sustainable financing for African Union-led Peace Support Operations authorized by the Security Council.
The Secretary-General thanked the African Union and its Member States for the wide support to the Action for Peacekeeping Agenda, which calls for collective and strategic-level commitments to address the political and operational challenges facing peacekeeping today.
The two leaders stressed the priority of both Organisations to prevent violent extremism and terrorism and discussed the efforts of both Organisations to further strengthen capabilities to support more effective engagement in the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts, including through specialized mediation support.
They praised the leaders of the Horn of Africa countries for their leadership and commitment to advancing peace and reconciliation in the region, and renewed their offer to support their efforts as needed. They also welcomed the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan and called upon all parties to work in good faith and demonstrate their commitment to fully and expeditiously implement it.
They discussed other situations, including in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya, Mali and the Sahel. On the situation in the Central African Republic, they welcomed the progress made in the peace process and underlined the need to strengthen it within the framework of the African Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation.
On the Democratic Republic of the Congo, they took note of progress made by the Congolese Government in preparations for the holding of presidential and legislative elections on 23 December 2018. Given the importance of the stability of the Region as a whole, the two Organisations reaffirmed their commitment to support free and fair and inclusive, peaceful and credible elections towards the end of 2018.
On Libya, they extensively discussed the worrying prevailing situation on the ground. They agreed to work in close cooperation with the Libyan actors on the principle of the organization of a peace and reconciliation conference as a prelude to the conduct of peaceful and transparent legislative and presidential elections.
On Mali and the Sahel, they discussed the growing insecurity in the region and agreed on the need to ensure complementarity of efforts by the two Organizations. They welcomed the efforts of the UN System in better addressing the humanitarian-development-peace nexus through the recalibration of the UN Integrated Strategy for the Sahel, the international framework guiding the international response, as well as the UN Support Plan aimed at boosting its implementation and fostering greater impact. They encouraged further cooperation and alignment between the AU and the UN strategies in the Sahel.
The two leaders highlighted the importance of implementing the two pivotal intergovernmental agreements, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want. In this context, they stressed the importance of empowering women and youth as agents of change and custodians of peace in Africa, and encouraged more integrated approaches, encompassing security, humanitarian assistance, climate action, human rights, and sustainable development to address the root causes of conflict. They noted that the joint AU-UN visit to Chad, Niger and South Sudan had enabled the advancement of the Women, Peace and Security agenda. They also exchanged views on the preparations for the Climate Summit to be held in New York in 2019.
Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Djibouti and Eritrea,
New York, 17 September 2018
The Secretary-General welcomes the meeting between President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh of Djibouti and President Isaias Afwerki of Eritrea held on 17 September in Jeddah under the auspices of His Majesty King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia.
The Secretary-General trusts that this meeting will prove yet another step in the consolidation of recent peace and security gains in the Horn of Africa region. He hopes that the encounter between the leaders of Djibouti and Eritrea will initiate a process to settle all pending issues between the two countries and lead to greater peace, stability and development in the region.
The Secretary-General appreciates the leadership of King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman Al Saud and their efforts in facilitating the dialogue between the leaders of Djibouti and Eritrea.
Stephane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General
issued by the members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council
12th Annual Joint Consultative Meeting between members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council
19 July 2018, New York
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council held their 12th Annual Joint Consultative Meeting in New York on 19 July 2018.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council reaffirmed the primary responsibility of the Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the mandate of the Peace and Security Council with regard to the promotion of peace, security and stability in Africa as provided for in the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union. They also reaffirmed the provisions of Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations on the role of regional arrangements in the pacific settlement of local disputes.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council discussed matters of peace and security in Africa, in particular, the situations in South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. They seized the opportunity of the informal meeting held on the margins of the joint consultative meeting to exchange views on the institutional reforms currently underway both at the UN and the AU and their significance for enhancing the partnership between the UN and the AU.
The members the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council also assessed the progress made in further strengthening the cooperation between the two organizations in the area of peace and security, including the holding of the annual meeting of the leadership of the UN and the AU. They expressed their strong support for the cooperation between the two organizations and their leadership as well as the joint visit undertaken in April 2018, by the UN Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, Jean-Pierre Lacroix and AU Commissioner for Peace and Security Smaїl Chergui to the Central African Republic and Sudan which illustrated on the level of their enhanced partnership regarding peace and security in Africa. In that context, and in light of the importance of close UN-AU cooperation, they affirmed the intention to consider joint visits of the Security Council and the Peace and Security Council of the African Union to conflict situations in Africa. The modalities of such visits will be discussed and agreed on a case-by-case basis by the two Councils.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council commended the crucial contribution and role of the African Union in efforts aimed at preventing, managing and resolving conflicts and crises in Africa and discussed options for funding the African Union peace and security activities. They recalled UN Security Council resolutions 2320 (2016) and 2378 (2017), which stress the need to enhance the predictability, sustainability and flexibility of financing for African Union-led peace support operations authorized by the Security Council and under the Security Council’s authority consistent with Chapter VIII of the Charter. In this regard, they took note of the annual report of the Secretary-General on UN-AU Cooperation, which details the work done on strengthening mandating, management, oversight and accountability of AU led peace support operations. They also acknowledged the development of operations mandated or authorized by the AU. They also recognized the need to strengthen the AU’s operational and financial frameworks to enable AU missions to appropriately plan, finance, conduct and evaluate their efforts. They also welcomed AU’s plan to finalize its human rights and conduct and discipline frameworks, which are critical to achieve greater accountability, transparency, and compliance with international human rights law, international humanitarian law, as applicable and with the UN conduct and discipline standards.
In the context of the partnership between the UN and the AU, the members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council also discussed the African Union’s goal of Silencing the Guns in Africa by the year 2020, with a view to building a conflict-free continent. In this regard, they exchanged views on possible cooperation in the implementation of the AU Master Roadmap of Practical Steps to Silence the Guns in Africa by the Year 2020. They also agreed to strengthen efforts in conflict prevention.
ON THE SITUATION IN SOUTH SUDAN
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council expressed serious concern over the overall situation in South Sudan. They reaffirmed their belief that only a political solution to the conflict in South Sudan will bring sustainable peace, and further noted all the parties must urgently demonstrate a strong will to an inclusive and revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) in order to end the longstanding conflict in the country. They called upon all South Sudanese parties to focus on the interest of the people of South Sudan and secure a future for the children of the country.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council welcomed the efforts of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), and regional initiatives, including through the face-to-face meetings between H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit and H.E. Dr. Riek Machar, to resolve the outstanding issues at the High-Level Revitalization Forum. They welcomed the Khartoum Declaration Agreement of 27 June 2018 and urged the South Sudanese parties to make further compromises on the outstanding issues that result in a credible, inclusive, and sustainable agreement and expeditiously conclude the revitalization process. They remain convinced that the establishment of the Hybrid Court in South Sudan would contribute towards addressing the issue of impunity and promoting justice and reconciliation.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council strongly condemned the repeated violations of the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities, Protection of Civilians, and Humanitarian Access (ACOH) by the parties as reported by the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM) and the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC)and expressed serious concern at reports that there already had been violations of the permanent ceasefire announced by the parties in Khartoum in June 2018. They underscored the need to hold the violators of the ACOH accountable and to ensure that there is an end to the culture of impunity for those responsible for perpetuating violence.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council paid tribute to the troop and police contributing countries to the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), for the sacrifices being made for the restoration of peace, security and stability in South Sudan. They also commended the Special Representatives of the AU and the UN for their contribution in support of efforts aimed at finding a lasting solution to the crisis in South Sudan.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council strongly condemned all forms of physical and bureaucratic impediments preventing the effective delivery of humanitarian assistance. They noted that 107 humanitarian workers have died since the conflict began, making South Sudan a particularly challenging environment for humanitarian workers and called on all parties to stop the targeting of those delivering lifesaving aid immediately.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council encouraged continued close collaboration between the United Nations, the African Union and IGAD and reaffirmed their collective commitment in the search for lasting peace, security and stability in South Sudan.
ON THE SITUATION IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
The members of the Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council expressed concern at the continued deterioration of the security and humanitarian situation in the DRC. While taking note of key milestones in the electoral process being reached, they expressed concern about remaining challenges to foster greater confidence in the process They called upon all political parties, their supporters, and other political actors to remain committed to the 31 December 2016 Agreement, which is the only viable path out of the current political situation.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council urged all political parties to continue to reject violence of any kind, exercise maximum restraint in their actions and statements, so as not to further inflame the situation and to address their differences peacefully. In particular, they called on the Government of DRC and all DRC actors to reject violence and violent statements. They reiterated that effective, swift and sincere implementation of the December Agreement, including the Agreement’s confidence building measures as well as respect for fundamental rights and the electoral timeline are essential for a peaceful and credible electoral process, a democratic transition of power, and the peace and stability of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, They called on the government of the DRC, the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) and all stakeholders to work together towards the holding of elections on 23 December. They reiterated their commitment to take appropriate measures against all Congolese actors, and any others, whose actions and statements impede the implementation of the agreement and the organization of the elections.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council underscored that it is essential that the government of DRC and all DRC actors fulfil the commitments in the Agreement of 31 December 2016 and underscored the need to do everything possible to ensure that the elections take place with the requisite conditions of transparency, credibility and inclusivity, including the full and effective participation of women at all stages, as well as the importance of youth engagement. They also underscored that elections must lead to a peaceful and democratic transfer of power, in accordance with the Constitution, the Political Agreement of 31 December 2016, United Nations Security Council resolutions 2348 (2017) and 2409 (2018), as well as the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance.
The members the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council urged the Government of DRC to urgently implement confidence-building measures as per the Political Agreement of 31 December 2016 and ensure that elections are held on 23 December 2018 as per the electoral calendar. They noted the progress made in preparation for the elections with the support of MONUSCO, while acknowledging the remaining challenges still to be addressed. They called on the CENI to continue their cooperation with MONUSCO throughout the electoral process They further welcomed the commitment by the United Nations, the African Union, Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), the International Conference on the Great Lakes (ICGLR) the European Union (EU) and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (IOF) to support the electoral process, and the establishment of a joint team of experts from these organizations and encouraged the CENI to make use of their support.
The members the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council called for enhanced coordination between the UN, the AU, the ICGLR, the SADC the EU and the OIF in their support to the implementation of the 31 December 2016 Agreement and the electoral process.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council paid tribute to the bravery of troop and police contributing countries to the United Nations Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) who sacrificed their lives for the restoration of peace, security and stability in the DRC.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council commended the efforts deployed by the AU and the international community in support to the DRC’s efforts to tackle the Ebola Virus Disease outbreak, in May and June 2018, in the country.
The members of the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council agreed to convene their 13th Annual Joint Consultative Meeting and 4th Informal Joint Seminar in 2019, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, at a date to be mutually agreed.
Security Council Press Statement on the signing of the Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia on 9 July 2018
The members of the Security Council commended the signing of the Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship on 9 July 2018 by the President of the State of Eritrea, Isaias Afwerki, and the Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Dr. Abiy Ahmed. They welcomed the commitment by both parties to resume diplomatic ties and open a new chapter of cooperation and partnership. They also took note of the five-point-plan, and welcomed the agreement to implement the decision by the Ethiopia-Eritrea Boundary Commission.
The members of the Security Council noted that this represents a historic and significant development with far-reaching positive consequences for the Horn of Africa and beyond.
The members of the Security Council welcomed the commitment of Eritrea and Ethiopia to jointly endeavor to ensure regional peace, development and cooperation and look forward to Eritrea’s active participation in the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
The members of the Security Council recognized the call in the Joint Declaration for solidarity and support, and encouraged all actors to offer their support to the peace process. The members of the Security Council stand ready to support Eritrea and Ethiopia in their implementation of the Joint Declaration.
The members of the Security Council took note of the Secretary-General’s offer to support the process. Furthermore, they took note of the statement by the chairperson of the African Union Commission welcoming the recent developments, and encouraging Eritrea and Ethiopia to persevere on this path, opening a new chapter of cooperation and good neighborliness.
Transcript of Secretary-General’s remarks at press encounter with
African Union Commission Chairperson Moussa Faki Mahamat
Addis Ababa, 9 July 2018
Secretary-General: Thank you very much for your presence. As I just said to the [African Union] Peace and Security Council: if the UN fails in Africa, the UN fails. On the other hand, African leadership is essential to solve African problems. If those two things are true, the only way for the UN to deliver is for a very solid and close partnership with African Union and I am extremely grateful to Chairperson Faki for the excellent development our relations have had in the recent past.
We are totally aligned in relations to our economic agendas: the African Union’s Agenda 2063 and the United Nations’ Agenda 2030 that are now the same agenda. I strongly appeal to the international community to make sure that these agendas are fully financed, and also I strongly congratulate the African Union for its very important initiative on corruption. I appeal to the international community to do everything to make sure that illegal financial flows, money laundering and tax evasion do not allow $50 billion dollars to leave the African continent every year. This is a responsibility to support Africa to make sure that African resources remain in Africa to support African development.
At the same time, we work very closely in peace and security. I would like to say that we feel a wind blowing in the direction of peace. The visit of the [Prime Minister] of Ethiopia to Eritrea was an amazing success. The recent IGAD decisions on South Sudan and the summit in Khartoum, some decisions of Heads of States in different countries that were in crisis paving the way for future political solutions – all this gives us hope that the African continent will be moving more and more in the right direction on peace and security.
But of course, we have very dramatic crisis situations, too. We have four peacekeeping operations, in Mali, the DRC, in South Sudan, in the Central African Republic, where we no longer have traditional peacekeeping; where you have all sorts of armed groups, terrorist operators, we have peacekeepers being killed. So now we are committed to deep reform of our peacekeeping operations in close coordination with the African Union, but also we recognize that peacekeeping is not enough, that we need peace enforcing and counter-terrorism and that the African Union, and its organizations, is particularly suited for those operations. But as it was the case with AMISOM and now the case with G5 Sahel, the way these operations have been conducted in the past they did not have enough support from the international community. We need peace enforcing in Africa, counter-terrorism in Africa, with African forces, but with clear mandates from the Security Council, in my opinion, ideally under Chapter Seven and with predictable funding, namely the funding that comes with assessed contributions.
We need to understand that when African troops are fighting terrorists in the Sahel, they are not only protecting the citizens of the Sahel, they are protecting the whole world. The world must be in solidarity with Africa, as African forces are protecting us all. We will be side by side with the African Union to make sure that peace and security in Africa remains a priority for the whole international community.
[Questions on UNAIDS in Ethiopia and on Ethiopia-Eritrea relations]
SG: In relation to the first question, I have to say this is the first time that I hear about it. The Secretary-General doesn’t control the different autonomous organizations that exist in the United Nations universe, but I will look into it as soon as I arrive and use my good offices in order to make sure that the organization that you mention is able to solve the problem.
I would like to say that I believe that the recent evolution in relation to, between Eritrea and Ethiopia is a very important signal of hope, not only for the two countries, not only for Africa, but for the whole world. When we see so many conflicts and when we look at so many years in which these two countries have not been able to come together, it’s really very good news that the political will of the two countries to solve their problems is now evident. The UN is ready to do whatever the two parties will ask us to do. It is obvious that it is now for the two parties to decide how they want to conduct the solution of their problems, but the UN will be entirely at their disposal to do whatever is necessary to facilitate the success of what needs to be done and mainly in relation to questions related to the borders.
There are always undercurrents in relation to peace anywhere in the world, but there are also positive currents. I think the positive currents now are much stronger than the undercurrents. And if one looks at the map what the peoples of Eritrea and Ethiopia have to gain from the point of view of the development of the two countries by the establishment of friendship between them, of economic cooperation, is I think of such remarkable positive contribution to the two countries that I believe that this will help facilitate any hiccups that might always occur and that indeed that obvious, obvious benefit that both Ethiopia and Eritrea will take out of the solution of their problems will overcome any difficulty. It is my hope and it is also my sincere wish.
Sanctions are of course a Security Council decision, I cannot take decisions on that. Sanctions were motivated by a number of events that took place. It is my believe that those events will no longer exist if the reasons that led to the sanctions will no longer exist, but that of course depends on the specific nature of those sanctions. They will naturally become obsolete, but at the present moment what I think is important is that the two countries come together and that of course will pave the way for the solution of many other problems.
[Question on South Sudan]
SG: I fully agree. I have lived as High Commissioner for Refugees, the drama of the South Sudanese people. I remember when the peace agreement was signed, we are now 18 years or 19 years after that, no, 13 years after that, I was starting my functions as High Commissioner for Refugees and three days after beginning I was in northern Uganda in a South Sudanese refugee camp and you can’t image the joy of the people with the peace agreement. Then I myself accompanied the refugees that went back to South Sudan when South Sudan became independent. Now you can imagine that what it is after a few years, 500,000 people went back home and more than 1,000,000 have to leave, millions displaced inside the country and the number of people killed, the number of children killed the number of people victims of malnutrition, it is really horrific. This conflict is a horrific conflict. This conflict needs to stop. And so I must tell you, when I saw that there was a chance of peace, I immediately believe that all of us need to do everything possible to make that chance become a reality. Now the details of the transition arrangement may not be perfect. I think that is totally secondary if peace is indeed achieved. Now if peace fails then I believe, and I fully agree with Chairperson Faki, it is impossible to make those that are responsible for peace not to be possible to become accountable vis-à-vis the international community. But now the objective must be to make peace prevail and that is much more important than the details of any specific power-sharing arrangements.
Communiqué of the Second African Union – United Nations Annual Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9 July 2018
On 9 July 2018, the Chairperson of the African Union (AU) Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, and the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres convened the second AU- UN Annual Conference at the AU Headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
The Chairperson and the Secretary-General welcomed the strong collaboration between the AU and the UN, and expressed their commitment to further deepen the strategic partnership between the two organizations. They underscored the importance of multilateral organizations and multilateralism, as instrument for effective international governance and addressing global issues.
The second Annual Conference reviewed the implementation of the Joint Framework for Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security, and welcomed the progress made. It also endorsed the Action plan on the AU-UN Framework for the Implementation of Agenda 2063 and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The AU and the UN undertook to enhance collaboration, cooperation and coordination in the search for sustainable solutions to ongoing and future challenges, based on the principles of complementarity, comparative advantage, burden-sharing and collective responsibility to respond early, coherently and decisively to prevent, manage, and resolve conflicts.
The Conference expressed deep concern over the evolving uncertainties in the international order, the rifts in international relations and the negative impact on the state of global peace and security, noting the need to adhere to established international norms, principles, and rules.
The Chairperson and the Secretary-General called for further strengthening of a comprehensive, integrated and coordinated approach to conflict prevention by addressing the root causes of conflicts, strengthening political processes and respect for rule of law as well as the promotion of sustainable and inclusive development.
The Conference also reviewed challenges to peace, security and development on the continent, including in Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Lake Chad Basin, The Comoros, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Mali and the Sahel, Somalia, and South Sudan and agreed to jointly increase their support, in close cooperation with Regional Economic Communities, for the peace, security, development and stabilization initiatives in these countries, while cooperating more closely, particularly with respect to political processes. They urged for robust action by the international community, to alleviate the humanitarian crises, risks and vulnerability in the affected communities. They welcomed continued dialogue towards the implementation of the Sahel Support Plan developed as part of the recalibration of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel, and exchange on the AU efforts in the Sahel including ongoing efforts to review its strategy.
The Chairperson of the Commission briefed the Secretary-General on the important decisions adopted by the AU Assembly at its Ordinary Session in Nouakchott on the Western Sahara and Libyan conflicts. As a follow up, these decisions will be formerly conveyed to the Secretary-General and through him to the UN Security Council. The AU looks forward to working closely with the UN on these two issues.
The Chairperson and the Secretary-General paid tribute to the Troop and Police Contributing Countries, and AU and UN peacekeepers for their sacrifice and continued commitment to peace on the continent. They also discussed the Action for Peacekeeping initiative, which aims at making peacekeeping operations fit for the challenges faced today, including on the African continent, by jointly strengthening operations on the ground as well as renewing the political commitment to peacekeeping. They further commended the efforts to harmonize political stances of both organizations in countries where peacekeeping missions are deployed, as illustrated by the recent joint visit of the UN Under Secretary-General for Peacekeeping and the AU Commissioner for Peace and Security in Sudan and the Central African Republic.
The Chairperson and the Secretary-General renewed their commitment towards predictable, sustainable and flexible financing for AU-led Peace Support Operations (PSOs) authorized by the UN Security Council. They further welcomed the significant progress achieved in the revitalization of the AU Peace Fund, the ongoing efforts to the establish its governance and management structure, and agreed to sustain the high-level political engagement and consideration for the financing of AU-led PSOs through UN assessed contributions. In this respect, it was agreed to continue with the ongoing work pursuant to Security Council Resolutions 2320 (2016) and 2378 (2017).
The Annual Conference discussed the need to promote synergy between Agenda 2030 and 2063, through coherent integration of both agendas into national development frameworks as well as building requisite research, analytical, monitoring and evaluation capacities, at both national and regional levels. In this regard, the meeting stressed the critical role played by the Regional Coordination Mechanism for Africa and the Africa Peer Review Mechanism and urged all international partners to support Africa’s efforts to implement the two Agendas as a pre-condition for the achievement of peace, security and development on the continent.
The Annual Conference reviewed the progress in the ongoing institutional reform processes of both organizations aimed at enhancing effectiveness and responsiveness to the needs and aspirations of their Member States, and ensuring that the two organizations are fit for purpose and have the right capabilities to address contemporary challenges. The meeting agreed to continue to share experiences and best practice, including through staff-exchanges and training in support of the two reform processes.
The Chairperson and the Secretary-General briefed the Peace and Security Council (PSC) on cooperation in peacekeeping missions in Africa.
The Chairperson and Secretary-General agreed to convene the next AU – UN Annual Conference in New York in 2019. They also agreed to meet on the margins of the General Assembly and the AU Summit, to take stock of progress in the partnership between the two Organizations.
United Nations Secretary-General Appoints Sahle-Work Zewde of Ethiopia as his Special Representative to the African Union and Head of UNOAU, New York, 27 June 2018
United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres today announced the appointment of Sahle-Work Zewde of Ethiopia as his Special Representative to the African Union and Head of the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) at the level of Under-Secretary-General. She will succeed Haile Menkerios of South Africa to whom the Secretary-General reiterates his deep gratitude and appreciation for his dedicated service to the organization.
Ms. Zewde is the first woman appointed to this position. Currently Director-General of the United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON), she brings three decades of progressively responsible experience at the national, regional and international levels. She is expected to bring to bear well-honed skills in building consensus among stakeholders, and her knowledge of the Organization in order to strengthen the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in the area of peace and security.
She was the Special Representative and Head of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA) and served as Permanent Representative of Ethiopia to the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), as well as Director-General for African Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia.
Ms. Zewde has served as the Ethiopian Ambassador to France, Permanent Representative to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and accredited to Tunisia and Morocco (2002-2006). From 1993 to 2002, she served as Ambassador to Djibouti and Permanent Representative to the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), and to Senegal, with accreditation to Mali, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia and Guinea (1989-1993).
Ms. Zewde is a natural sciences graduate of the University of Montpellier, France.
STATEMENT BY THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE SIGNING OF THE AFRICAN CONTINENTAL FREE TRADE AREA, New York, 22 March 2018
I congratulate African leaders for taking the leap into history by signing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) to create one of the world’s largest trading blocs with over 50 countries. I salute the leadership of President Paul Kagame of Rwanda, President Mahamadou Issoufou of Niger and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Mr. Moussa Faki, who led the process.
This is an important step towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and delivering on the African agenda of peace and prosperity.
With the Joint African Union-United Nations Agreement for the implementation of Agenda 2063 and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as our common framework , the entire United Nations family stands ready to support the continent as it forges forward the entry into force of the African Continental Free Trade Area in the coming months.
Ms. Bience Gawanas of Namibia appointed as Special Adviser on Africa, New York, 15 January 2018
United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres announced today the appointment of Bience Gawanas of Namibia as Special Adviser on Africa. She will succeed Maged Abdelaziz of Egypt to whom the Secretary-General is grateful for his commitment and dedicated service to the Organization. The Secretary-General also wishes to extend his appreciation to Mr. David Mehdi Hamam who served as Acting Special Adviser since Mr. Abdelaziz’s departure.
Ms. Gawanas is currently Special Adviser to the Minister of Poverty Eradication and Social Welfare, Namibia. Prior to this, she was Special Adviser to the Minister of Health and Social Services. A champion of women’s health and rights in Africa, she has been commended for her role in initiating far-reaching campaigns such as the continental Campaign on Accelerated Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Africa (CARMMA).
Ms. Gawanes was elected for two terms as the Commissioner for Social Affairs at the African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government in 2003 and 2008, during which time she was responsible for advocacy as well as the harmonization and coordination of regional and continental policies and programme on promoting social development. Her portfolio included health, HIV/AIDS and nutrition, migration and population, arts and culture, the welfare of vulnerable groups, labour and migration, and sports. Prior to her work as Commissioner, she was Ombudswoman of Namibia (1996-2003). She has also worked as a lawyer at the Legal Assistance Centre, a human rights NGO (1990-1991) and as a lecturer on gender law at the University of Namibia (1995-1997).
She has served on various taskforces and commissions, including the UNAIDS Global Task Team on Improving AIDS Coordination Among Multilateral Institutions and International Donors, the Task Force for Scaling-Up of Education and Training of Health Workers, the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, the Commission on Accountability and Information on Women’s and Children’s Health, the Global Steering Committee on Universal Access, the Commission on Accountability and Information on Women and Children’s Health, and the Lancet-Oslo University Commission on Global Governance for Health.
She holds an LLB Honours degree from the University of Warwick, UK, and an Utter Barrister Degree from the Council of Legal Education School of Law/Lincolns Inn, UK. She also holds an Executive MBA from the University of Cape Town, South Africa, and an honorary doctorate degree in Law from the University of Western Cape. Born in 1966 she has three children and four grandchildren.
Secretary-General’s remarks at joint press encounter with Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairperson of the African Union Commission New York, 19 April 2017
SG: Ladies and gentlemen of the media. Thank you very much for your presence.
I have no doubt that this first conference between the African Union Commission and the United Nations Secretariat represents a landmark in our cooperation.
We are indeed creating the conditions for an enhanced coordination of our activities at all levels. We share the vision that peace and security, inclusive and sustainable development, and human rights and good governance are dimensions that need to be seen together and that require a common vision and an enhanced cooperation between our two organizations.
I am very happy that we were able to sign a new framework that enhances our cooperation in peace and security. We are witnessing, in Africa, as around the world, changes in the security situation that force us to have a strategic review of the way peace operations take place. We no longer have only the traditional peacekeeping operations, where peacekeepers separate two countries or two groups within the same country that have signed an agreement, and a makeshift peace essentially prevails and only needs a certain level of stability.
We are witnessing situations where there is no peace to keep, where multiple elements are disturbing the situation with asymmetric forms of warfare. We see links with terrorist organizations, with criminal organizations also operating in the same areas, and this forces us to a strategic review of the way we do peace operations and to fully explore the complementarity and the interdependence of the African Union and the UN.
Operations like the operations of AMISOM (African Union Mission in Somalia), where the African Union is committed in Somalia, not only to preserve peace but to make sure that peace prevails, are operations that need to have much stronger support from the international community and need to have predictable funding — namely, in my opinion, also through the possibility of assessed contributions. There are a lot of new forms of cooperation that this present framework will allow and I am very happy that we were able to conclude it today.
On the other hand, we will align the Agenda 2063 of the African Union for sustainable development with our own Agenda 2030 and create conditions not only to work together but also to have common lines of reporting and to be able to avoid all forms of duplication and guarantee that we converge in the same objective: to make the Agenda 2030 and Agenda 2063 a success story in Africa – Africa, that, more than a continent in crisis, is a continent with enormous potential. There are lots of positive success stories that need to be fully in our own narrative as a UN about Africa and in our cooperation with the African Union.
I would also like to underline that in relation to human rights, to good governance, there was a total identity of points of view that will allow us to work together very strongly, not only in conflict resolution, not only in sustainable development, but also in prevention, in sustaining peace and in creating all the conditions for the African continent to be able to fully meet the aspirations of the African people, especially of the young African people that corresponds to the enormous potential that needs to be fulfilled.
Q: I hope you don’t mind if I ask my question in English. It relates to South Sudan and there is an increasing view out there that the African Union is dragging its feet in setting up the AU Hybrid Court, which was one of the foundational principles of the peace agreement signed in 2015. Is the AU dragging its feet? When is the Hybrid Court going to be established? And in addition to that, in 2015 the AU was very much against the imposition of an arms embargo in South Sudan. Why have you receded from that position now? It places you in direct contrast to what the Secretary-General has been calling for in terms of implementation of an arms embargo by the Security Council.
SG: If I may say just one thing on this. We are perfectly aware that we are facing in South Sudan an extremely difficult situation. But at least there is one thing that is working well. It is the cooperation between the African Union, the UN and IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development), trying to bring together the parties, and that is not an easy task, for an effective solution to be possible.
Q: Mr. Secretary-General, on the famine appeal that you made for four countries – three of them in Africa – is the world doing enough to respond? …And Mr. Secretary-General, something not related to Africa that we are all interested in. We were told today that you are going to Washington, to the IMF (International Monetary Fund) and World Bank meetings. Is there a possibility that you are going to meet President [Donald] Trump, and if not this weekend, then when?
SG: First of all, in relation to the first question, there has been an increasing support to the appeals that were made, but we are far from reaching the levels that are necessary in order for the international community to be able to respond to the tragic threat that exists. A combination of conflict, of drought and other factors are making famine a reality or a dramatic risk in many populations, not only in Africa, but also in other parts of the world, like Yemen.
As to the last question, I am going this time for meetings with the World Bank and the IMF. I have no context for seeing the U.S. administration. I believe that that will happen in the near future.
Q : Depuis votre prise de service, vous avez affiché une détermination pour être plus réceptif aux problèmes africains, le protocole de partenariat entre l’organisation régionale et l’ONU ne date pas d’aujourd’hui : qu’est-ce qui va concrètement changer dans les relations?
Monsieur le Président de la commission : la coupe du soutien des États-Unis à l’ONU pour les opérations du maintien de la paix va forcément impacter le rendement sur le terrain. Est-ce que l’Afrique d’aujourd’hui a un plan B pour fermer ce gap que pourrait créer la réduction du financement américain.
SG : Si je puis me permettre ce n’est pas une question d’être réceptif aux problèmes africains, c’est une question d’être complètement engagés avec nos partenaires de l’Union africaine dans la perspective que l’Afrique a un rôle essentiel à jouer, et pour le succès de l’Agenda 2030, et pour garantir aux Africains la paix et la sécurité auxquelles ils ont droit. Je suis complètement engagé à ce que la coopération entre et les Nations Unies et l’Union africaine et les organisations sous régionales du continent soit une coopération extrêmement efficace et que l’Afrique soit considérée par nous comme une priorité essentielle, et dans le contexte du développement, et dans le contexte de la paix et de la sécurité.
Q: Mr. Secretary-General, if I could just indulge you to move away from Africa for a moment. There is a lot of concern about North Korea and the sense that the United States has moved away from diplomacy. What do you think could happen to address that crisis?
SG: I believe that it is absolutely essential that all the countries involved – and there is a group of six countries, as you know, that is in the front lines of the contacts with North Korea – that everybody is involved in order to make sure that everything is done for the threat represented by the development in relation to missiles and in relation to the potential for nuclear capability not to become a threat to the international community. So we fully support the efforts of all states in order to make sure that North Korea doesn’t acquire the capacities that would become a threat, not only for the region, but in the wider world.
Q: Back to Africa, in light of anticipated cuts in the peacekeeping budget, particularly as discussed in the Trump administration, what specific steps were you contemplating in terms of cooperation with the African Union to have it beef up their capacity to take over some of the responsibilities previously undertaken by the peacekeeping operations – for example, training, training the trainers, maybe supporting some sort of standing army. Could you be a little bit more specific?
SG: I think it is not a question of cuts. It is a question of enhanced cooperation with the African Union, with or without cuts. It is clear for us that the increased capacity of the African Union, and other African initiatives – the G5, for instance, the group of countries of the Sahel surrounding and including Mali, and others, in the case of Lake Chad, all these African initiatives are an essential complementarity of the things that the United Nations is supposed to do. So what we need is not to say that ‘let’s have the African Union do more things because there will be less money for peacekeeping operations.’ No, that is not the case. On the contrary, we want to make sure that the international community finds predictable ways to fund the African Union operations that are essentially exactly due to the fact that a complementarity is necessary. The UN does not do counter-terrorism; the UN does not do peace enforcing in the traditional sense of the term, and so the increased capacity of the African Union in training, in equipment, in predictable funding for its operations, is absolutely crucial for the international community as a whole. Thank you.
Press conference by Secretary-General António Guterres at the African Union Summit
30 January 2017, Addis Ababa
Ladies and gentlemen of the media, thank you very much for your presence.
I am extremely happy with the results of my contacts during this African Union Summit. I think we have created the conditions to establish a new higher platform of cooperation between the African Union and the UN.
As I said in my speech, I’m here with the expression of total solidarity and respect – respect for African leadership, both in relation to the African development process and in relation to the African capacity to deal with the problems of peace and security in the region, but solidarity, which means support of the UN and hopefully support of the international community as a whole to the very important actions that the African Union and the different African regional organizations have been developing in order to guarantee the future of the continent.
And I think we need to change the narrative about Africa in the international community. Usually, I see people discussing – in Europe, in the Americas, in Asia – the situation in Africa based on all the crises that exist in African countries. But that is a partial view. And I think we need to have a narrative that recognizes that Africa is a continent with an enormous potential, that Africa is the continent that has higher economic growth in the last ten years, that in Africa we have extraordinary success stories from the point of view of economic development and governance, and that in Africa, we have as we have seen just a few days ago, important success stories that show the capacity of African countries to come together and solve the problems that exist in the continent. The way ECOWAS [Economic Community of West African States] was able to act in relation to the situation in Gambia with the support of the African Union and the support of the UN, is something exemplary that I would hope could be copied in many other parts of the world.
So I want here to pay tribute to the African Union, to their very important work on behalf of the continent, and to say that the UN will be entirely at the disposal of the African Union to fully support its activities. And I was very happy with the fact that President [Idriss] Deby [of the Republic of Chad] has announced that every year in January, I will have, as it was the case yesterday, a breakfast allowing me to interact with all African Heads of State and to be able to have a very meaningful discussion about the relations of the African Union and the UN.
I’d also like to say that I’ve understood from the African Heads of State their frustration with the fact that Africa is today a weight in international organizations, namely in the UN, that is much smaller compared with the weight that Africa has in today’s world. I understood that frustration, and I also understood the African concerns with the problems of many peacekeeping operations that take place in areas where there is no peace to keep and the need to have an intense dialogue between the African Union and the UN to see how better we can work together in relation to also the problems of peace and security.
But having said so, development must be in the centre of our cooperation. The best prevention of conflicts is sustainable and inclusive development. And we have agreed that the Agenda 2063 of the African Union and the Agenda 2030 that was approved by the Summit in New York in relation to the whole international community – these two agendas on sustainable development will be aligned and that will be only one reporting line and that UN country teams will be supporting governments in the implementation of both agendas in a coherent way in order to have the maximum benefit for the African peoples under the leadership of the African governments and to have the strongest capacity to take profit of the different instruments that we have at our disposal, namely according to the Addis Ababa programme of action in relation to funding to make sure that we are successful in these extremely important objectives recognised both by the AU and the UN.
Having said this, I cannot disguise the fact that I also came with a deep personal concern and a deep personal commitment. I was High Commissioner for Refugees and when I started my functions the 15th of June 2005, the 18th of June I was in Uganda in a refugee camp to prepare for the celebration of World Refugee Day with South Sudanese refugees in Uganda. And then I had the chance to help support the return of half a million South Sudanese coming back to their country with joy and hoping that there would be a future of peace and prosperity for them, for their families and for their country. Unfortunately, we have been witnessing a level of suffering of the South Sudanese people that is extremely troubling and that I think should be of concern for the whole international community.
And so, since the beginning of the exercise of my mandate, I’ve been concentrating a lot of attention to see how the UN can help African leadership in dealing successfully with the problem of South Sudan. And I’m very happy to be able to confirm that we had yesterday a meeting of the leadership of the IGAD [Intergovernmental Authority on Development], the leadership of the African Union and myself, and we were able to have a full agreement between the IGAD, the African Union and the Secretary-General of the United Nations. A full agreement, in relation to the need to work together with one voice. A full agreement, in underlining the mandate of President [Alpha Oumar] Konaré on behalf of the African Union, with total support of the UN, and also the work of President [Festus] Mogae of IGAD in his mission in relation to the verification of the peace agreement, and that we all believe in the need to have in South Sudan a national dialogue that is fully inclusive of all parties, to move to a political solution in South Sudan, and that I had the opportunity to discuss with President Salva Kiir and with the key neighbours of the country and I think that we have a consensus on the way forward. There will be difficulties, there will be problems, there will be gaps but I leave Addis with hope that we can find a common way to address the dramatic situation of South Sudan, a common way to help the South Sudanese come together and solve their problems.
Of course, there are different other problems that I had the occasion to discuss with the African leaders, namely today with the Group of Five in relation to the situation in Mali — very important discussions about the future of peacekeeping operations; how better the UN can support the AU in the missions of the AU that are also covered by Security Council decisions, as it is the case with AMISOM; how we can really work together better also in relation to the prevention of conflict, conflict resolution and sustaining peace. But, I repeat, the best prevention is always development, inclusive and sustainable development, and this will be the very centre of our cooperation.
I’m at your disposal for any question that you might want to ask.
Q: On reform of Security Council – African participation.
SG: This was one of the issues that were raised by Heads of State. I have said several times that in my opinion reform of the United Nations will not be completed without reform of the Security Council, but it is not in the hands of the Secretary-General to do it. This is a decision that needs a change in the Charter of the United Nations and needs to be approved by the General Assembly, by a qualified majority, with the five concurring votes of the five permanent members of the Security Council. So this is an area in which, of course, I would be very interested in the dialogue in order to see if it is possible to move forward, but I recognise and it is important to say that the fact that there is no African permanent member of the Security council doesn’t correspond to the present situation in the world and the weight of Africa in the international community.
Q: (In French) On the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
SG: Pas seulement inquiet, mais déterminé. J’ai eu l’occasion d’avoir un entretien avec le Vice-Premier ministre de la République Démocratique du Congo, en attirant son attention sur le besoin de faire que l’accord soit effectivement traduit dans la pratique et que la situation puisse s’améliorer dans tous les domaines que vous avez mentionnés. Mais j’ai aussi parlé avec les voisins de la République Démocratique du Congo en demandant à tous de maintenir un dialogue permanent avec les autorités congolaises pour que cet accord puisse vraiment être concrétisé et pour que la République Démocratique du Congo puisse avoir une solution politique pour une situation qui traine déjà depuis longtemps.
Q: On US threats to cut UN budget.
SG: Of course, this is a matter of concern, but I am determined to engage, and I already had a constructive meeting with the new ambassador of the US to the United Nations. I am determined to work in order for, as President Trump said, the UN has enormous potential. We need to make sure that that potential translates itself into full reality. That is what I think is the basis for a constructive dialogue and cooperation, and I hope that we will be able to build a relationship based on trust, allowing for the UN activities to go on without any dramatic evolution.
Q: Thoughts on US announcement re ban on refugees; where will they go?
SG: First of all, I would like to underline that this is an African Union Summit, not a summit of the Organization of American States. Having said so, it is clear to me that refugee protection is something that is absolutely essential to guarantee, that access by refugees to where they can find adequate protection is of extreme importance. The US has a large tradition of refugee protection, and I strongly hope that measures that were taken will be only temporary. I strongly hope that refugee protection will become again high in the agenda of the United States of America.
Q: On South Sudan – sexual violence.
SG: There is a decision by the African Union together with South Sudan for accountability in a special court, and obviously that will have the full support of the UN.
Q: On Kenya and spat regarding South Sudan.
SG: I had a very positive and constructive meeting with the President of Kenya. I am very grateful for his very positive attitude. Obviously all the neighbours of South Sudan are absolutely crucial for the solution of this problem. I count a lot on the role of Kenya in all aspects, in all aspects, including the military one. I have a long experience of cooperation with Kenya in my past capacity and I am very encouraged by the excellent meeting I had with the President of your country.
Q: If Morocco is accepted to the AU, it implicitly reaffirms the independence of Western Sahara but the UN has yet to recognize. Do you think in your tenure that might change?
SG: As you know, there is a process and the resolution of the Security Council in relation to Western Sahara. This has nothing to do with the decisions the African Union might take about membership. This is an area where we have no interference at all. It is a sovereign decision of the African Union. Thank you very much.
Secretary-General’s remarks to the African Union Summit
Addis Ababa, 30 January 2017
Your Excellency Mr. Idriss Deby Itno, President of the Republic of Chad and Chairperson of the African Union,
Your Excellency Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, Chairperson of the African Union Commission,
All protocol observed,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I am honoured to be with you.
I humbly join you in profound solidarity and respect.
As the late Samora Machel, the first President of the independent Mozambique, once said, solidarity “is an act of unity between allies fighting on different terrains toward the same objectives. The foremost of these objectives is to assist in the development of humanity to the highest level possible.”
The African Union is working every day for unity, peace and progress for all people in every corner of this great continent.
I congratulate President Idriss Deby Itno for his leadership over the past 12 months, and I also commend the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, her Deputy, Erastus Mwencha, and the AU Commissioners for their efforts to promote Africa’s socio-economic transformation.
I wish Madame Zuma all the best in her future endeavours. I look forward to working closely with her successor.
The United Nations is proud to be your partner. And I am proud to be your partner.
I am convinced we have much to gain from African wisdom, African ideas, African solutions.
It is that spirit of possibility and partnership that draws me here.
I also come with a deep sense of gratitude.
Africa provides the majority of United Nations peacekeepers around the world. Yesterday, during our breakfast meeting, I took good note of your concerns about the challenges faced by several peacekeeping missions in countries where there is effectively no peace to keep; and also by the [statement] by several African countries and sub-regional organizations to be ready for peace enforcing operations, provided that they have the appropriate mandate from the Security Council and the resources that are necessary to implement those operations.
African nations are also among the world’s largest and most generous hosts of refugees. African borders remain open for those in need of protection, when so many borders are being closed, even in the most developed countries in the world.
Africa also includes some of the world’s fastest growing economies.
And so, I am here to listen to you, learn from you and work with you for the people of Africa and the wider world.
I am proud to have selected Ms. Amina Mohammed of Nigeria as Deputy Secretary-General.
She is an accomplished leader in international development and will give an extremely important contribution to the management of the United Nations Secretariat.
I sincerely thank President Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria for his generosity in availing her to serve in this important global role.
Looking forward, I welcome your ideas on how to best strengthen our cooperation and partnership based on the priorities and the needs of the people of Africa.
I see several areas ripe for discussion.
First, by raising the level of our strategic partnership — in implementing Agenda 2063 and the 2030 Agenda, and in promoting peace and security and human rights together.
Second: we look forward to working with you to enhance the UN’s partnership with Africa’s eight Regional Economic Communities.
They have been at the forefront of efforts to achieve peace and security on the continent and they are driving forces for achieving Africa’s development aims.
The extraordinary union showed by ECOWAS is even a lesson to the world. It was so fair and so just [from President Dlamini Zuma] to acknowledge it – when recognizing that at the present moment, when we see so many conflicts multiplying, the only way to allow the international community to be able to address those conflicts, the only way to allow the international community to act boldly, is with unity of the countries of the region, able to serve together and in the same universal principles.
Third: the African Governance Architecture, including the African Peer Review Mechanism, has contributed to improved governance in many countries.
The United Nations will step up its support to further promote good governance and reinforce the nexus between peace, security and development.
Fourth: the United Nations will support African efforts to realize your initiative to “Silence the Guns by 2020”, or even before, including by strengthening support for the African Peace and Security Architecture.
I intend to work with the AU to present a set of concrete proposals to the Security Council on predictable, reliable and sustainable financing for AU peace operations.
It is also very important that we are able to promote long-term thinking and commitment to building and maintaining peace after conflict ends to prevent backsliding.
Fifth: the United Nations will support regional integration, including efforts to establish the Continental Free Trade Area.
I know you have identified this as vital for achieving Agenda 2063.
I am here as your partner and as your friend. I am here in gratitude to Africa’s enormous contributions to a better world.
And I am here to pledge my full commitment to work with you in solidarity and respect to advance peace and security on the continent and realize the vision of Agenda 2063 and its promise of building “the Africa we want”.
Statement attributable to the Spokesman of the Secretary-General on Central African Republic, New York, 27 June 2016
The Secretary-General condemns the killing of a peacekeeper from the Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) on 24 June in Bangui. The peacekeeper was shot dead by unidentified armed men in circumstances that are still unclear. The Secretary-General offers his sincere condolences to the family of the fallen peacekeeper and to the Government of Senegal.
The Secretary-General expresses concern about recent security trends in the country, including in Bangui. He calls on President Faustin-Archange Touadéra, the Central African Government and all relevant actors to continue pursuing a comprehensive process to achieve the disarmament of the armed groups in a spirit of national reconciliation and inclusiveness.
The Secretary-General reiterates that attacks against those who are working towards peace and security in the Central African Republic are unacceptable. He calls on the Government to ensure that the circumstances of the crime are fully investigated and that the perpetrators are brought to justice.
رسالة الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة بمناسبة يوم أفريقيا، 25 أيار/مايو 2016
يُحتفل بيوم أفريقيا لعام 2016 دعما للموضوع الذي اختاره الاتحاد الأفريقي لهذا العام ألا وهو: ’’حقوق الإنسان مع التركيز بوجه خاص على حقوق المرأة‘‘. وهذا يبرهن على الالتزام الذي قطعه قادة أفريقيا بجعل النساء – باعتبارهن عوامل وعناصر تمكين رئيسية – في صدارة ومحور جميع الجهود المبذولة لتنفيذ خطة التنمية المستدامة لعام 2030 وخطة الاتحاد الأفريقي لعام 2063.
ويتقاسم كلا الإطارين مبادئ استراتيجية مماثلة، إذ يركزان على الإنسان والرفاه والاستدامة البيئية والعدالة وحقوق الإنسان والشراكات المتسمة بالمساءلة المتبادلة. وتقتضي المواءمة بين الخطط العالمية والقارية اتباع نهج منسق في التخطيط والتنفيذ والرصد.
وفي إطار خطة عام 2063، تشمل أولويات أفريقيا الاستثمار في سكانها، مع التركيز على النساء والشباب؛ وتنمية الصناعة التحويلية وصناعة تجهيز المنتجات الزراعية؛ وبناء الهياكل الأساسية للنقل، والمياه، والصرف الصحي، والطاقة، وتكنولوجيا المعلومات والاتصالات؛ وتعبئة الموارد المحلية ووقف التدفقات المالية غير المشروعة؛ وإنهاء النزاعات؛ وتعزيز حقوق الإنسان؛ والتوسع في الحكم الديمقراطي. كما أن أمام أفريقيا فرصة سانحة للسعي إلى التصنيع بطريقة أكثر استدامة من الناحية البيئية، بطرق منها اعتماد أساليب الزراعة الذكية مناخيا، واستخدام الطاقة المتجددة، ووضع حد لإزالة الغابات. وأشجع البلدان الأفريقية وشركاءها على ألا يدخروا جهدا في سبيل الدفع قدما بهذه الأولويات. والأمم المتحدة ملتزمة بتقديم الدعم في هذا الصدد.
وعلى الرغم من الغموض الذي يكتنف المشهد الاقتصادي العالمي، فإن التوقعات الاقتصادية لأفريقيا جيدة. إذ يتوقع فيها حدوث زيادة في النمو ليصل إلى 4.4 في المائة في عام 2016، مقابل 3.7 في المائة في عام 2015. وأحث قادة أفريقيا على الاستفادة من هذه المكاسب لمعالجة التفاوتات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية المتزايدة، وكفالة ألا يخلف الركب أي أفريقي وراءه. ويكتسي هذا أهمية حاسمة للتصدي للأسباب الجذرية للنزاعات، والإرهاب، والتطرف العنيف، ولتعزيز السلام والاستقرار. وأود أيضا أن أشيد بمبادرة أفريقيا الجريئة بعنوان ’’وقف أزيز الأسلحة بحلول العام 2020“، التي تعد من المشاريع الرئيسية في خطة التنفيذ في السنوات العشر الأولى لخطة عام 2063.
وسيقتضي النجاح في تنفيذ هذه الخطط الجديدة قيام شراكة مجددة من أجل التعاون الإنمائي بين الحكومات الأفريقية، ووكالات الأمم المتحدة، ومفوضية الاتحاد الأفريقي، ووكالة الشراكة الجديدة من أجل تنمية أفريقيا، والجماعات الاقتصادية الإقليمية، والشركاء الإنمائيين. وللقطاع الخاص أيضا دور رئيسي يؤديه في إيجاد فرص العمل، وتشجيع الابتكار في التكنولوجيات والخدمات، ودعم التحول الهائل اللازم في الهياكل الأساسية لتحقيق أهداف التنمية المستدامة لأفريقيا.
وبمناسبة يوم أفريقيا هذا، أحث جميع أصحاب المصلحة على تأييد هذه الرؤية التحولية المبينة في أهداف التنمية المستدامة وخطة عام 2063. فما هو خير لأفريقيا هو خير للعالم.
UN Secretary-General’s message on Africa Day, 25 May 2016
Africa Day 2016 is being celebrated in furtherance of the African Union’s theme for this year: “Human Rights with a Particular Focus on the Rights of Women”. This demonstrates the commitment of Africa’s leaders to place women – as key drivers and enablers – at the front and centre of all efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the African Union’s Agenda 2063.
Both frameworks share similar strategic principles, with a focus on people, prosperity, environmental sustainability, justice, human rights and mutually accountable partnerships. The alignment between the global and the continental agendas calls for a harmonized approach in planning, implementation and monitoring.
Under Agenda 2063, Africa’s priorities include investing in its people, with an emphasis on women and youth; developing manufacturing and agro-processing; building transport, water, sanitation, energy and ICT infrastructure; domestic resource mobilization and stemming illicit financial flows; ending conflict; promoting human rights; and expanding democratic governance. Africa also has the opportunity to pursue industrialization in a more environmentally sustainable manner, including through climate-smart agriculture, renewable energy and arresting deforestation. I encourage African nations and their partners to spare no effort in advancing these priorities. The United Nations is committed in its support.
Africa’s economic prospects are good, despite the uncertain global economic landscape. Growth is projected to increase to 4.4 per cent in 2016, from 3.7 percent in 2015. I urge Africa’s leaders to use these gains to address rising social and economic inequalities, and ensure that no African is left behind. This is crucial for tackling root causes of conflicts, terrorism and violent extremism, and fostering peace and stability. I also commend Africa’s bold initiative on “Silencing the Guns by 2020”, which is one of the flagship projects of Agenda 2063’s First Ten-Year Implementation Plan.
The successful implementation of these new agendas will require a renewed partnership for development cooperation among African governments, UN entities, the African Union Commission, the NEPAD Agency, the Regional Economic Communities and the development partners. The private sector also has a key role to play in creating jobs, promoting innovation in technologies and services, and supporting the massive infrastructure transition needed to fulfil Africa’s sustainable development objectives.
On this Africa Day, I urge all stakeholders to rally behind the transformative vision set out in the Sustainable Development Goals and Agenda 2063. What is good for Africa is good for the world.
UN Deputy Sercretary-General’s remarks to High-Level Forum on “The Africa We Want in 2030, 2063 and Beyond”, New York, 20 April 2016
I thank the African Union and the Government of Sweden for organizing this timely High Level Forum together with UN Office of the Special Adviser on Africa, Mr. Maged Abdelaziz.
I thank you for offering me this opportunity to reflect on how we can better integrate the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with the First Ten-Year Implementation Plan of Africa’s Agenda 2063.
Last year, when the world adopted the historic 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as well as the Paris Climate Change Agreement, Africa adopted its own transformative Agenda 2063 and Ten-Year Implementation Plan.
These global and regional frameworks share a focus on people and their well-being on a healthier planet. They include pledges on justice and are rooted in respect of human rights.
Both agendas, through their aspirations and goals, aim at structural transformation and a more equitable sharing of income and wealth. They both stress inclusive growth and sustainable development.
These high ambitions require bold and decisive action from everyone involved. The people of the world are looking to their leaders on all levels to act and to be accountable for their actions.
The broad and comprehensive nature of these two agendas calls for setting priorities from the start. I would like to focus attention on three points in particular.
First, women’s empowerment is a vital area for our joint work and one of the main themes of this meeting. SDG 5 calls for gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls. Goal 17 of Agenda 2063 requires full gender equality in every sphere of life. Women are key drivers of development. If women and girls are given their rightful place and their empowerment – everyone benefits. It is a win-win proposition. Conversely, preventing half a population from full participation in social and economic development is a shameful waste of human potential and a systemic obstacle to progress.
Second, both agendas stress the urgency of ending conflict, through SDG 16 and Agenda 2063’s aspiration for “A peaceful and secure Africa”. People living in fragile and conflict-affected countries make up for 15 per cent of the world’s population. But they also represent more than 30 per cent of people living in extreme poverty. Countries affected by conflict were among the poorest performers of the Millennium Development Goals. They also every year place in the lowest ranks of the Human Development Index. Recognizing this, the SDGs and Agenda 2063 require governments, regional organizations and the international community to focus on the root causes of conflict and fragility. These causes range from poverty, inequality and exclusion to governance failures, the lack of decent work and the flow of weapons.
Here, I would like to commend the African Union for its commitment to silence the guns by 2020 is ambitious but critically important.
Third, sufficient resources, both in terms of capacity and financing, will play a decisive role in tackling the UN and African agendas. Development aid will remain important, particularly for the Least Developed Countries. The global partnership agreed in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda is crucial. We must also achieve better mobilization of domestic resources through more efficient and equitable tax regimes, supported by tougher international measures to fight tax evasion.
Stemming the illicit flow of billions of dollars worth of resources from the African continent is vital. Last year’s joint United Nations/African Union report presents important steps that can be taken towards this goal.Carrying out these agendas will require stronger policy-making capacities and effective cooperation and coordination. And there is work to be done on data, indicators, and monitoring mechanisms.
The entire UN system stands ready to support governments with the tools and expertise at its disposal at this crucial stage of converting the SDGs into national planning and strategies.
These huge undertakings demand wise leadership and a spirit of commitment from all sides to improve the lives of billions of people in the world, not least on the African continent. People are rightly at the center of these agendas, in the spirit of “We the Peoples” of the UN Charter.
Let us together mobilize all good forces to support the people of Africa in realizing their hopes and aspirations for peace, development and human rights. In this pursuit, the United Nations and the African continent are working as One.
I thank you, and I wish you a successful meeting.
Secretary-General’s press conference at the 26th African Union Summit [with Q&A]
Addis Ababa, 31 January 2016
Good morning ladies and gentlemen, bonjour mesdames et messieurs. I am very pleased to be here with some of our senior advisers of the United Nations, who are sitting in the front line and are sitting with me.
I will start with a few words on the talks in Geneva that are aimed at bringing an end to the horrific five-year-long conflict in Syria.
I am glad these talks have started. The Special Envoy Staffan de Mistura is now leading the talks. These talks are long overdue.
I urge all parties to put the people of Syria at the heart of their discussions, and above partisan interests. Civilians, including children and women, have been bearing the brunt of this conflict. We must urgently see an end to the fighting, the sieges and the other terrible human rights abuses that have characterized this war.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Now I will say a few words about the business of this very important and interesting summit. The African Union is a key regional partner for the United Nations. We count on our strong relationship to support African governments in realizing the aspirations of their people for peace, sustainable development and human rights.
I commend this year’s summit theme: 2016, the African year of Human Rights with particular focus on the Rights of Women.
The African Union has solid legal instruments backing human rights and women’s empowerment, and it is making great progress in putting these into action.
The trial of the former President of Chad, Hissène Habré, in Senegal is a significant step, and the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan sent a strong signal that the African Union will not stand by while civilians are slaughtered and leaders fail to lead.
Respecting human rights means accountability for the most serious crimes of international concern.
In my meetings with African leaders, we discussed the importance of ending the conflict in Burundi including regional and international efforts to encourage political dialogue. I expressed the support of the United Nations for the African Union’s efforts.
On South Sudan, I expressed my concern that leaders have failed to meet the deadline for formation of a Transitional Government. This is essential and urgent to end the unimaginable suffering of the South Sudanese people.
In my discussions on Libya, I underscored the need to build upon the agreement on the government of National Accord and encouraged all Libyan actors to support and join this effort, to help restore peace and stability.
And on Somalia, I discussed with regional leaders the importance of increasing support to AMISOM, to consolidate gains and provide the necessary support to national security forces. I thank all the countries that are contributing to this effort.
Our partnership with the AU on conflict prevention and resolution, and countering violent extremism, is critical.
And as we work to address the threat of violent extremism around the world, we must never lose sight of the importance of respecting human rights. Counter-terrorism policy that ignores people’s rights or tramples on their dignity is counter-productive. I call on all African Governments to support the Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism that I presented earlier this month to the United Nations General Assembly.
Good governance is another important area for cooperation. I salute the countries on this continent that held peaceful and democratic elections in the past year, including Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, the Central African Republic, Nigeria, Tanzania and others.
I hope this positive trend will continue. We have all seen the tragic results when leaders use legal loopholes to ignore the will of their people and cling to power.
Last year’s landmark agreements on a Sustainable Development Agenda and climate change could not have happened without the constructive and active engagement and leadership of African governments.
I have asked African leaders to take strong ownership and implement the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris agreement on Climate Change. I hope as many senior leaders as possible will come to New York on 22nd April to sign this agreement, which promises great gains for the people of Africa.
The World Humanitarian Summit that will be held in Istanbul on 23 and 24 May will build on these agreements. It will be the first opportunity for the world to come together and act on the pledge to leave no one behind, and to help those furthest behind first.
Ladies and gentlemen,
This afternoon, I will visit Ziway Dugda Woreda in Oromia region to see for myself the impact of the long spell of drought caused by the El Niño weather phenomenon.
I will be accompanied by His Excellency Demeke Mekonnen, Deputy Prime Minister of Ethiopia, and Ms. Ertharin Cousin, the Executive Director of the World Food Programme, and by the Deputy Emergency Coordinator, Ms. Kyung-wha Kang, and others.
Through this field visit, we will be able to understand the health, food security and water challenges and distribution problems people face. We will be meeting local officials and people affected by the drought.
After that, I will leave Addis Ababa with many indelible impressions and memories of the African Union.
Today is an emotional moment for me: my final day at my last African Union summit in Addis Ababa as Secretary-General. But I will return to Africa many times before the end of the year, and I will continue to work hard on African issues until the last day of my term.
You, the media, are an important part of this summit and I wish you every success in your work.
Questions on reform for better representation of Africa in the United Nations and the situation in Somalia.
Secretary-General I will answer your first question. The first part of your question about reform of the United Nations, including the Security Council: Member States have been working very hard to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the United Nations system, including the Secretariat and particularly, the Security Council.
ECOSOC, Economic and Social Council, has already taken quite significant reform measures and the General Assembly also has taken quite significant reform measures to strengthen the role of the General Assembly. Now, at the core of this reform of the United Nations, I think there is the Security Council reform.
Member States have been discussing that matter longer than two decades. I understand that there is almost a consensus, widely shared belief that the Security Council should be reformed in a more democratic, representative and transparent manner. In fact, Member States have been working very hard, first through a Working Group then recently, during the last six-seven years, in a informal General Assembly negotiations – on a negotiations basis.
I think they have identified many important elements to make the Security Council reform possible and effective. At the same time, it is true that many Member States, almost all the Member States, have presented all different ideas which have not been able to be reconciled among so many important elements. It is a matter of how they reconcile all these very seemingly important elements to make some consolidated proposals to Member States. That is up to Member States now.
The General Assembly President has been appointing a facilitator who has been trying to accelerate this process. I sincerely hope that they will continue reflecting the views of many parties, including the African Union. That is my wish and on my part, as Secretary-General, I have also been working very hard to make the Secretariat more effective and transparent and efficient. Thank you very much.
On your second question, on Somalia, I met with President MMthis morning and the peace and security and human rights issues in Somalia have been a very important agenda and topic for the African Union. How to consolidate the stability, the peace and stability of Somalia, fighting back against Al Shabaab terrorist actions has been a key concern of the international community.
There have been as you said progress and some setbacks but largely, Somalia is going on the right track, they are moving and are making significant progress. I have urged the President of Somalia this morning that wherever they have been able to recover territories from the control of Al Shabaab, they should expand their role and power as much as possible, and there should be good governance.
The United Nations, led by UNSOM and my Special Representative, are working very hard and we are ready to provide all the support. But it’s not only the Somali people or the United Nations: we need all support from the international community. I think we should be proud of what we have been achieving so far but I told him [Somalia President] that it was not time to relax, we have to move on to make sure that there is a clear political roadmap.
One encouraging thing is this political roadmap, including the establishment of a bicameral parliament, particularly with minimum 30% representation in the parliament. That is quite commendable leadership. Thank you.
Question about Burundi and the sending of peacekeepers in the country.
Secretary-General: First of all, I would like to appreciate and commend the leadership of the East African Community and the African Union’s role for their consistent diplomatic efforts to bring peace and stability in Burundi. Unfortunately, the situation in Burundi has been deteriorating. Many people have been killed and almost every day, we see such kind of violence taking place. There have been many people, I think at least one million people, who have been [affected], displaced or refugees in neighbouring countries. Therefore, this security situation and political instability and humanitarian crisis have been deteriorating.
The United Nations has been always urging, particularly Burundian political leaders, including President Nkurunziza to engage in inclusive dialogue, listening carefully what the concerns and aspirations of Burundian people are. At the same time, I have been discussing this matter, working very closely with African leaders, starting from AU Commissioner Madame Zuma, then former President Kikwete who was chairing EAC, and President Museveni and many other leaders, urging them to help resolve this situation.
But first and foremost, it is not the United Nations, it is not the neighbouring countries’ leaders, it is basically Burundian people and Government that should resolve this issue through inclusive dialogue. Since we have not seen much expected outcome, it has become source of great concern, not only in the region but in the continent, and in the world.
That is why I met the Second Vice-President of Burundi yesterday, with the Foreign Minister, and in my interactions with the African leaders yesterday and today, the Burundian situation has been one of the top priorities and I am exerting all my efforts through my Special Adviser, Mr. Benomar who is now sitting here – if you have any further questions you may direct them to him, any additional question. Anyway, we are very much committed to bring peace and stability, and human dignity to Burundian people.
Question on whether the Secretary-General is disappointed that the AU dropped the project of sending peacekeepers in Burundi.
Secretary-General: Nous sommes très preoccupés par la situation qui continue au Burundi. Je suis en train de travailler étroitement avec les dirigeants de l’Union africaine et aussi en particulier au travers de mon Conseiller spécial, Jamal Benomar, pour faciliter le dialogue inclusif. J’exhorte le Président Nkurunziza de s’engager dans un dialogue inclusif avec toutes les parties du Burundi. J’espère la paix et la stabilité. Les droits de l’homme devraient être protégés. Je suis engagé, je ferai de mon mieux pour travailler avec les dirigeants burundais et aussi avec les dirigeants de l’Union africaine.
About the proposal of deploying peacekeepers, either by the United Nations or the African Union, I have taken note of the decision by the African Union Peace and Security Council to deploy at least 5,000 peacekeepers there. It hasn’t been agreed upon with the Burundian Government. I myself have proposed to the Security Council, as one of the options – one of the options – the idea of deploying some peacekeepers. That was one of the ideas.
I want to support all possible options which can help in contributing to peace and stability, and protecting human rights in Burundi. But basically, it is up to the African Union, and also in close consultation with the Burundian Government, what kind of measures should be deployed.
As far as the United Nations is concerned, in accordance with the Security Council resolution and with the consent of the Burundian Government, we have deployed a small political mission led by Mr. Jamal Benomar. We are now trying to use this special political mission as a way, as a means, to help facilitate a dialogue, [this work] is still ongoing.
I have been urging African leaders to speak and act in one voice. It is a matter of human dignity and human rights. The longer this situation continues, the more people will be killed and affected, and we have almost one million people who have been affected, refugees and displaced people. We cannot wait any longer, that is why it is a matter of urgency, that I am urging African leaders to act in one voice, and also particularly urging President Nkurunziza and his Government to listen very carefully and engage in inclusive dialogue.
Question on global terrorism
Secretary-General: Your question may cover broad aspects of our world, starting from peace and stability, security, development and human rights issues. We are very much concerned that this world is now suffering and experiencing an unprecedented number of conflicts and crises, humanitarian crises and crises caused by violence and conflicts.
Why are we having so many crises at once? Never in the past have we seen so many crises happening all at one time. At this moment, we have crises in at least 37 countries and places. This is a fact of life. We have so many people who have been affected, more than 120 million people need humanitarian assistance. If we add all these 120 million people scattered around the world who need our support, if we established a country with these people, this country would become the eleventh largest, with the eleventh largest population. That is a huge challenge, how to address this.
We are still lacking funding to provide humanitarian assistance to these people. We have not been seeing much progress in facilitating dialogue and resolving these crises, starting with Syria, which has been continuing for five years, and come March, it will be the sixth year.
More than 250,000 people have been killed, half of the population has been displaced and are refugees. This kind of situation has been happening in many places, especially on this continent, therefore I am urging world leaders first of all to respect human dignity and good governance. That should be the guide of their leadership.
Yesterday in my statement I have been asking world leaders, particularly African leaders, to respect human rights, to respect the Rule of Law and to respect the constitutional processes rather than clinging to power. Without engaging in inclusive dialogue, without listening to the views and aspirations and concerns of the people, then we have seen too many crises and demonstrations by the people. That’s the beginning of crises.
As far as the United Nations is concerned, we are putting more priority on preventive diplomacy. When there are certain symptoms, then leaders should address these symptoms, before these symptoms fester into an eruption of crisis. That’s my advice and my earnest appeal to world leaders, but somehow unfortunately we have not been able to see a harmonious and peaceful world at this time.
At the same time, world leaders have given some good sense of hope and promise last year.
Last year they adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals and for the first time they adopted the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. I believe that if world leaders implement these visions, the sustainable development vison and commitment on climate change, then we will be able to deliver much, much more, making sure people will be able to live in a much more sustainable and healthier world, and we will be able to maintain the environment in a sustainable way.
I could go on but because of the time limit I am answering your question in a general way.
Question on United Nations reform
Secretary-General: It’s not only African leaders who have been urging reform of the Security Council. I think all world leaders have been raising this issue. It is one of the top concerns and priorities of the United Nations to see the Security Council more representative, and more accountable, and more democratic. Security Council members themselves have been trying to improve the way they conduct their business, in a more transparent way.
But the core elements of reform: how to expand, how many members should be sitting in the Council, who should be given seats as permanent or non-permanent members, what about [indistinct because of cellphone ringing], there are many very complicated and difficult elements when it comes to Security Council reform.
I would suggest that Member States should show some unity of purpose rather than promoting their own individual elements based on their national interests or individual interests. When Member States are engaging based on their national and regional interests, I don’t think Security Council reform will be realised.
Even the African Union, while they have made their proposals in the African Union’s name, when you go down to the details, still I think the African Union has different views among the countries. So it’s important that the African Union should speak with one voice when it goes down to the details.
Security Council Press Statement on Mali
The members of the Security Council heard a briefing on 11 January 2016 by the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping operations, Mr. Hervé Ladsous, on the situation in Mali.
The members of the Security Council stressed that the Government of Mali, the Plateforme and Coordination armed groups bear the primary responsibility for achieving lasting peace in Mali. The members of the Security Council welcomed in this regard the first positive steps taken to implement the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali and urged the Government of Mali, the Plateforme and Coordination armed groups to continue to engage constructively with sustained political will and in good faith to fully and effectively implement the Agreement without further delay.
The members of the Security Council urged the Government of Mali, the Plateforme and Coordination armed groups to prioritize the implementation of key provisions of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali in order to bring concrete peace dividends to the populations of Mali. They urged them, in this regard, to take without delay the necessary measures to advance the deployment of joint security patrols in the North of Mali and the cantonment, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of armed combatants, as well as the decentralization process, consistent with the provisions of the Agreement.
The members of the Security Council expressed their appreciation to Mr Mongi Hamdi for his service as SRSG for Mali and head of MINUSMA, his tireless efforts in supporting the Malian peace process and his personal initiatives to defuse intercommunal tensions.
The members of the Security Council expressed their full support to the newly appointed Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) for Mali and head of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), Mr Mahamat Saleh Annadif, and reiterated their full support for MINUSMA and the French forces that support it.
The members of the Security Council reiterated their strong support for the SRSG for Mali and MINUSMA to support the Government of Mali, the Plateforme and Coordination armed groups in the implementation of the Agreement. They requested the SRSG for Mali, through his good offices mandate, to play a key role to support and oversee the implementation of the Agreement, notably by heading the Secretariat of the Comité de suivi de l’Accord (CSA).
The members of the Security Council urged the Government of Mali, the Plateforme and Coordination armed groups to cooperate fully and to coordinate with the SRSG for Mali and MINUSMA, in particular on the implementation of the Agreement. They encouraged the Government of Mali and MINUSMA to further strengthen their cooperation. They called on the members of the CSA and other relevant international partners to coordinate their efforts with the SRSG for Mali and MINUSMA.
The members of the Security Council expressed their concern about the security situation, including the expansion of terrorist and criminal activities into central and southern Mali. They noted that the full implementation of the Agreement and the intensification of efforts to overcome asymmetric threats can help to contribute to improving the security situation across Mali.
The members of the Security Council called on the Secretary-General and all MINUSMA troop- and police-contributing countries, as well as bilateral donors, to continue their efforts to ensure that MINUSMA contingents have the necessary equipment and training to fulfill their mandate. They stressed the importance of ensuring adequate protection of MINUSMA personnel, in the light of the evolution of security threats MINUSMA faces, to effectively implement its mandate.
The Members of the Security Council called for the effective fulfilment of the commitments made during the International Conference for the economic recovery and development of Mali, held on 22 October 2015 in Paris.
12 January 2016
Chad: UN provides emergency funds for tens of thousands displaced by Boko Haram violence
8 January 2016 – With nearly 200,000 people in Chad in need of urgent aid – 50,000 of them uprooted by Boko Haram terrorists from Nigeria – the United Nations emergency fund today announced a $7 million grant, the second in five months, and called on international donors to provide much more.
“This funding is crucial, because in spite of all the efforts made by humanitarian actors since the beginning of the year 2015, the situation remains of deep concern,” UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Chad Director Florent Méhaule said.
“The humanitarian response faces several challenges, including difficulties in accessing the populations in need due to insecurity, as well as a lack of resources,” he said.
The funds come from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), set up 10 years ago to provide immediate financing for both sudden-onset and long-festering crises, which in August awarded $21 million to UN partners in Sudan and Chad to sustain basic services and protection for millions of people who have fled Sudan’s strife-torn Darfur region.
The new aid will assist over 50,000 Chadians forced by violence and insecurity to flee the islands of Lake Chad over the past six months for refuge in dozens of displaced people’s sites, villages and districts in the prefectures of Baga-Sola, Bol, Daboua, Kangalom and Liwa.
In addition, 15,000 Chadian returnees from Nigeria, 14,000 Nigerian refugees and over 700 third-country nationals need urgent aid. The displacements have also affected vulnerable host communities, among whom 112,000 people are in need of assistance.
“Our priority through this CERF funding, is to bring life-saving assistance to the people mostly affected by this crisis: displaced persons, refugees, and vulnerable host populations, whose livelihood activities – fishing, agriculture, and pastoralism – are limited by insecurity,” Stephen Tull, UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Chad, declared.
With nine CERF-approved projects over the next six months, UN agencies along with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and State services will provide food, protection, health, and education.
The funds will be managed by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the World Food Programme (WFP), and the World Health Organization (WHO).
The situation remains very volatile in the lake region, where over 16,000 newly displaced people, not covered by this CERF allocation, have been identified in the western area due to the latest military operations.
“CERF is the main donor for this crisis,” Mr. Tull said. “Considering the severity of the situation, this funding alone will not cover all needs. Broader donor mobilization is essential in order to respond to most urgent needs and also – in medium and long term – to support the development of this region, including access to basic services and the strengthening of livelihoods.”