Somalia

Secretary-General’s remarks at event on response to the humanitarian crisis in Somalia, London Somalia Conference, London, 11 May 2017

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Just over two months ago, I travelled to Mogadishu and Baidoa to spotlight the humanitarian crisis in Somalia.

I chose this for my first visit as Secretary-General to the field because I remember too well the tragic situation in 2011. I could never forget the devastation, displacement, drought, famine and desperation.

I have seen it as High Commissioner for Refugees, I was inside Somalia and assisting people in Dadaab in Kenya and in Dollo Ado in Ethiopia in really dramatic circumstances. And if there is an image that I will never forget in my life it is [the one] of children dying already, where they could [have been] assisted because they just arrived too late.

I went back in March to ask people whether they are getting the assistance they need. And I appealed for international aid to avert the worst.

Somalia now hangs in the balance between peril and potential.

Here in London, we can tip the scales from danger to safety.

Political stability is gradually gaining ground. Somalia has increased its capacity to govern. The foundations for improved stability are in place. But all these gains that the President and the Government have managed are fragile.

We need investments that preserve progress while urgently addressing the growing food insecurity crisis affecting millions of Somalis.

Their lives have been torn apart by a deadly combination of chronic drought, endemic poverty and fragility, combined with displacement, ongoing instability as well as violations of humanitarian and human rights law in the context of the terrorist attacks that we are all aware of.

This crisis has left 6.2 million severely food insecure. 439,000 are at risk of famine. 275,000 malnourished children are at risk of starvation.

The lean season is coming. Hunger conditions are expected to worsen over coming months. In areas where the rain failed, there may be no crops at all.

People who flee their homes, both internally and across borders, are especially vulnerable also in relation to protection violations.

I am especially concerned about rampant gender-based violence, which mostly affects children, women and girls. They are already in peril – and intermittent violence, insecurity and human rights violations are making conditions even worse.

UN agencies and our partners have significantly scaled up assistance over the past few months. We are now reaching close to 2 million people out of the 5.5 million targeted, with food, cash transfers, nutrition treatment, health interventions, safe water and protection services.

The UN stands ready to redouble our efforts – but the environment is challenging and dangerous.

It is extremely difficult in some areas to access vulnerable people in need – and to make sure they have access assistance and services they are entitled to have.

I commend the Federal Government for prioritizing the drought response. I call on the Government and all other parties to the conflict to facilitate rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access and to respect their obligations under international humanitarian law.

Donors have been generous. And I want to thank you for that.

But we need more – not only now but for the long-term. Needs are rising and we must reverse this. Your contributions will save lives and prevent famine.

But we have to act now to break the cycle of fragility and vulnerability in Somalia.

Donors will have to support efforts to shore up resilience and reduce needs over time. Development actors will have to expand into the areas of fragility and risk. Humanitarians and development partners are actively improving their coordination and will have to join forces to plan for collective outcomes that reduce vulnerability and lower the risk of a new crisis in the future.

Such a new way of working can make a measurable difference for the 6.2 million Somalis affected by crisis today – and for the generations to come.

The 2011 famine in Somalia killed 260,000 people – half of them children.

This is a stain on the conscience of humanity.

This time, we must save lives before it is too late.

Now is our chance to help the people of Somalia open a new chapter for their country and for our world.

Thank you very much.

Transcript of Secretary-General’s remarks at press encounter with President of Somalia, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo

Baidoa, Somalia, 7 March 2017

SG: Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen of the media, thank you very much for your presence.
I decided that I would make in Baidoa my first field visit of my tenure as Secretary-General of the United Nations. And the reason why I came to Mogadishu and Baidoa is very simple: to express my deep solidarity with the Somali people in this moment that is at the same time both tragic and hopeful.

It is exactly because it is tragic and because it is hopeful that it makes sense to make a very strong appeal to the international community to fully support Somalia at the present moment.
Last week in New York, I had the opportunity to appeal for massive support from the international community in order to avoid a tragic development, a famine in four countries in the world – in South Sudan, in North East Nigeria, in Yemen and in Somalia.

There is a chance to avoid the worst. There is a chance in Somalia to avoid a situation like the one we had in 2011. There is excellent cooperation between the President, the government, and the humanitarian community – the UN family, the NGO movement and the Red Cross Red Crescent. There is a plan of action. There is capacity on the ground. But we need massive support from the international community to avoid a repetition of the tragic events of 2011. I remember in Dolado and seeing Somalis come in terrible situations and suffering that is absolutely unacceptable in the modern world.

But today, we have 6.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia – that’s almost half of the Somali population. We have 333,000 children that are acutely malnourished and there’s the risk that it could go up to a million if there’s not enough support to avoid it. We have 3.3 million people in need of health support to avoid the impact of diseases and to avoid the circumstances under which it is so easy to lose one’s life because of lack of health assistance. Cholera has been developing and making hunger even worse and more dangerous. In the last two months, we had 7,731 cases of cholera with 183 people dying. Just last week – 1,352 cases of cholera and 38 people dying. It’s a process in acceleration.
All these reasons justify a massive response. We have things prepared on the ground but we need financial support from the international community.

That is why we are appealing for 825 million dollars for the support to 5.5 million people for six months. Without that support we will have a tragedy that is absolutely unacceptable and that the Somali people do not deserve.

But this is also a moment of hope – a moment of hope because Somalia is turning the page. A new President was elected. A new Prime Minister was appointed. There is a very strong commitment to enhance security and at the same time to enhance the capacity of the government to start to provide effective services to the population, requiring, of course, the solidarity of the international community.

We have AMISOM forces doing a job that the world should be grateful for because they are not only protecting Somalis, they are protecting us all against terrorism. AMISOM has not been effectively helped by the international community. It is important to better support AMISOM but it is also important to support the government to create a true national Somali Army and a true national Somali Police because, only then, will it be able to fully to protect the country from terrorism. Only then will it be able to create the conditions to avoid in the future the kind of tragedies Somalia is facing today.

This is a moment of tragedy. People are dying because of famine, because of diseases. But this is a moment of hope because the government is ready to act, because the humanitarian community is ready to act.

They are cooperating and, with the support of the international community, it will be possible to avoid the worst and it will be possible to launch the pillars, the fundamental basis for Somalia to be able to turn the page and for Somalia to, finally, find the way to stability, peace and prosperity that Somalis have always been able to manage by themselves. There is no other people in the world with more entrepreneurship capacity, with more initiative capacity than the Somali people.

Let’s try to help the Somali people come together and build a Somali state of peace and prosperity.

Thank you very much.

Q: What can you do personally to persuade particularly the richest countries and the biggest companies around the world to actually open their wallets at this time?

SG: I’m not appealing for the generosity of the rich, I’m appealing for the enlightened self-interest of the rich. We live in a world with a multiplication of conflicts. Somalia is one of them. Conflicts are interrelated, and they are related to a threat of global terrorism. There is not only terrorism in Somalia or in the neighbourhood of Somalia. There are terrorist attacks in Paris, there are terrorist attacks in other European cities, in North American cities, and if we want to fight terrorism we need to address the root causes of terrorism. We need to bring peace and stability to countries like Somalia, and to address in an effective way the risk of famine is to support the stabilization of Somalia. It is the best way to address root causes of terrorism. It is the best way for rich countries to protect themselves. So, we are not appealing to generosity, we are appealing to people to be intelligent enough to understand that to let countries like Somalia perish and to let the Somali people suffer the dramatic impact of the combination of drought, conflict and disease is a danger for everybody.

Q: [inaudible]

SG: We need massive investment. First of all addressing the need of food security for populations that are dying of hunger. We need to combine that with development actions to build the resilience of the population to avoid the repetition of these crises year after year, not forgetting that climate change is becoming an accelerator of these crises, namely of drought, that is happening more and more frequently and with more and more devastating consequences around the world. At the same time we need to support these countries, build the capacity in order to ensure their own security, build their own armies, their own police forces, support them in building their own institutions in order to be able to fight terrorism in an effective way.

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Somalia, New York, 9 February 2017

The Secretary-General congratulates Mr. Mohamed Abdullahi “Farmajo” upon his election as Federal President of Somalia today. He commends AMISOM and the Somali security forces for ensuring a secure environment during the poll.

The Secretary-General expresses the hope that President Mohamed Abdullahi “Farmajo” will move expeditiously to form an inclusive Cabinet. The new Government and federal member states should together tackle urgent national priorities immediately, including finalising the constitution and establishing effective national security forces. The current humanitarian situation created by the drought and the imperative of averting a famine should, however, be at the top of the agenda. The United Nations stands ready to support the Government in this regard.

The Secretary-General also expresses his appreciation to international partners, including the African Union, the European Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, the League of Arab States and donor countries for their vital support to the electoral process and continuing humanitarian assistance.

The Secretary-General commends former President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke for the work of the Federal Government of Somalia during their terms of office and for facilitating a smooth handover to the new President and his government.

 

SECURITY COUNCIL PRESS STATEMENT ON SOMALIA
28 September 2016

On 27 September the members of the Security Council were briefed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia, Michael Keating, and the Special Representative of the African Union Chairperson on Somalia, Francisco Madeira on the situation in Somalia. The members of the Security Council underlined that holding a peaceful, transparent and inclusive electoral process in 2016 will mark a historic step forward for all Somalis, and will be fundamental for the country’s continued progress towards democracy and stability.  

 The members of the Security Council expressed regret at the announcement by the Federal Indirect Election Implementation Team (FIEIT) on 26 September 2016 that the timetable for the 2016 electoral process required a further extension.The members of the Security Council underlined the need for all parties to uphold their commitments to hold an electoral process within the revised timeline and to reach agreement on the remaining political challenges without further delay.

The members of the Security Council called for all parties to adhere to the implementation plan put in place by the FIEIT, and to demonstrate the political will to ensure the revised timetable will be met.
The members of the Security Council noted Somalia’s significant progress since 2012 and underscored the imperative of maintaining momentum towards democratic governance in Somalia.

The members of the Security Council underscored the need for legitimacy to be bestowed until the electoral process is completed, and for governance arrangements to be agreed by the Somali authorities in order to avoid an institutional vacuum. The members of the Security Council agreed with the Secretary-General’s expectation that no party will take any action that could undermine a smooth and credible political transition, and underscored that this period should not be used for political gain.

The members of the Security Council emphasised the importance of adhering to the political road map between now and 2020, in particular in order to reach one-person, one-vote elections by 2020. The members of the Security Council urged the Federal Government of Somalia to ensure that the electoral process is conducted in a peaceful, transparent and credible manner, in a climate of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including freedoms of expression and association.  They recalled the Federal Government of Somalia’s commitment to reserve 30 percent of seats in the Upper and Lower Houses for women and urged all parties to take the necessary steps to ensure the implementation of these commitments.

The members of the Security Council reiterated their strong condemnation of recent Al Shabaab attacks and paid tribute to AMISOM and the Somali National Army for their efforts in reducing the threat posed by Al Shabaab. The members of the Security Council called on the Federal Government of Somalia and AMISOM to put security arrangements in place to ensure the safety of those participating in the process. The members of the Security Council reiterated their support for Somalia during this critical period and beyond, and that they would continue to follow the implementation of elections closely.

THE DEPUTY SECRETARY-GENERAL’S OPENING REMARKS AT HIGH-LEVEL MEETING ON SOMALIA, New York, 21 September 2016

I thank the Governments of Ethiopia, Italy, the United Kingdom and Somalia for organizing this timely meeting. Your participation demonstrates strong collective support for Somalia and Somalia’s future.

 I especially recognize the contribution of the African Union, the Member States contributing troops to AMISOM, and our partners, including the European Union, IGAD, Turkey and the Gulf.
The Government and people of Somalia are undertaking the painstaking work of forging a new path forward, a new future for a country torn by conflict, poverty and strains on human rights and rule of law. They are about to launch the electoral process that will choose a new Federal Parliament and President. Some 14,000 Somalis will participate in selecting Members of Parliament. I applaud the commitment of Somalia’s leaders to reserve one in three seats in the new Parliament for women.

 This electoral process is a milestone. But it will work only if all stakeholders act responsibly and coordinate closely. I urge all parties to avoid further delays, enable a peaceful and credible process and move quickly to accept and implement the result.

 Somalia’s new Government will have no time to lose in facing the challenges ahead.
First, it must continue an inclusive political transformation. Formalizing relations between Somalia’s regions and its centre must be a top priority. Preparations for the universal, multi-party elections scheduled for 2020 must begin urgently. Participation of all Somalis in this process is essential.

Security is equally important.  We all recognize the courage of AMISOM. But the force cannot, and should not, remain forever. Developing Somali security structures is absolutely vital.
We must take a more comprehensive approach to security that moves away from dependency. We must both empower Somali institutions and expect more from them. Strong support to AMISOM must be coupled with a major push to develop accountable and capable Somali security institutions. Negotiation on a nationally-agreed security framework should receive the same attention currently given to political structures.

This should be accompanied by greater support for the extension of state authority– helping local authorities build an alternative to what Al-Shabaab is offering.  We must prevent and counter violent extremism, including through a political strategy for reconciliation. All this requires a unified, coherent approach across the international community. I welcome partners’ engagement, and urge you to work collaboratively to achieve substantial progress in 2017.

Somalia’s National Development Plan shows that Somalis are ready to take the initiative.  I look forward to a mutual accountability framework in which we and the new Government agree to take forward key priorities – and act on them. And with continued progress, I hope we can hold out the prospect of further support, through full access for Somalia to lending from the International Financial Institutions.

Your continued partnership and support is critical. Let us work together to help make Somalia’s political transformation, security and development a sustainable success not only for the Somali people but also for Africa and the whole international community.
Thank you.

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Somalia,

New York, 9 August 2016

The Secretary-General welcomes the announcement by Somalia’s Federal Indirect Elections Implementation Team (FIEIT) of a timetable for the 2016 electoral process. This decision, which sets out the process to choose a new federal Parliament between 24 September and 10 October and President by 30 October, has today been endorsed by Somalia’s National Leadership Forum.

The Secretary-General trusts that the agreed timetable will be adhered to, and urges all parties to refrain from any action that would cause further delay. He notes that the 2016 electoral process is an important milestone in Somalia’s journey towards democracy. In that regard, he further welcomes the National Leadership Forum’s commitment to ensure transition towards a multi-party system by 2018, ahead of elections in 2020.

The Secretary-General emphasizes the importance of Somalia’s 2016 electoral process being conducted in a transparent, credible and inclusive manner, and in a climate of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. In this regard, he commends in particular the renewed commitment of the NLF to ensure that one-third of Parliamentary seats are set aside for female candidates. This is an important signal of the country’s progress towards inclusive political governance that will allow all Somalis to enjoy the benefits of peace.

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Somalia,

New York, 26 July 2016 

The Secretary-General condemns today’s terrorist attack in the vicinity of Mogadishu International Airport. He expresses sincere condolences to the friends and families of the deceased, and wishes the injured a speedy recovery.

The Secretary-General reaffirms that such criminal acts will not diminish the strong resolve of the United Nations to continue supporting the people and Government of Somalia in their work to build peace and stability in the country.

Note to Correspondents:  UN Peacebuilding Fund Finances Somalia Infrastructure Projects through Central Bank Funding

New York, 8 July 2016 – In a first for the United Nations, the UN Peacebuilding Fund started sending money to the National Window of the UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund for Somalia, from which the funds will flow to the Central Bank of Somalia to finance infrastructure projects in an effort to strengthen the country systems, the Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) announced Friday.

“This marks a milestone in our efforts to strengthen national systems and provide the Federal Government of Somalia with the means to bolster its legitimacy with its citizens,” said Peter de Clercq, UN Resident Coordinator for Somalia, whose office serves as the Secretariat for the UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund.

The pilot project amounts to $2 million for three infrastructure projects in Lower Jubba, Benadir and one other region still to be chosen. The Resident Coordinator and the PBF worked with the World Bank to set up the National Window, including its risk management.  It is part of the commitment between the federal government and donors under the so-called New Deal partnership that calls for using and strengthening the country system.

“The use of the PBF to start channelling funds for peacebuilding in Somalia through the National System is a first and a major breakthrough for the New Deal arrangement,” said Oscar Fernandez-Taranco, Assistant Secretary-General for the Peacebuilding Support Office, which manages the PBF. “We hope PBF’s modest contribution will lead others to follow with more substantial support.”

“Funds from the UN Peacebuilding Fund are being channelled into Somalia’s Central Bank via the UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund’s National Window and will be reported on in the federal government’s budget,” said de Clercq. “The entry into operation of the National Window is a clear application of our commitment to use and strengthen national systems, which fulfils a key principle of the Somali New Deal Compact.”

UN Security Council Press Statement on Al-shabaab Attack in Somalia, 27 June 2016

The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the terrorist attack on 25 June 2016 perpetrated by Al-Shabaab on the Nasa Hablod Hotel, Mogadishu which resulted in a number of deaths and injuries, including the death of Bur’i Mohamed Hamza, the Somali Minister for Environment Affairs and Former Foreign Minister. The members of the Security Council expressed their deep sympathy and condolences to the families of the victims, as well as to the people and Government of Somalia.  The members of the Security Council wished a speedy recovery to those injured.

The members of the Security Council reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security.
The members of the Security Council underlined the need to bring perpetrators, organizers, financiers and sponsors of these reprehensible acts of terrorism to justice.  The members of the Security Council stressed that those responsible for these killings should be held accountable, and urged all States, in accordance with their obligations under international law and relevant Security Council resolutions, to cooperate actively with all relevant authorities in this regard.
The members of the Security Council reiterated that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed.

The members of the Security Council reaffirmed the need for all States to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and other obligations under international law, including international human rights law, international refugee law and international humanitarian law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts. The members of the Security Council further stressed the need to take measures to prevent and suppress the financing of Al-Shabaab, and any other terrorist group in Somalia. The members of the Security Council paid tribute to all Somali and international actors working to bring peace and stability in Somalia.  The members of the Security Council reiterated their determination to support the peace and reconciliation process in Somalia.  They underlined that neither this nor any other terrorist attack would weaken that determination.

Readout of the Secretary-General’s meeting with H.E. Mr. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, President of Somalia

Istanbul, 24 May 2016

The Secretary-General met today with President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud of Somalia. He expressed support for the President’s decision to issue a decree to endorse the modalities of the electoral process as agreed by the National Leadership Forum on 12 April and presented by Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke to the Federal Parliament on 30 April.  The Secretary-General stressed the expectation of Somalia’s international partners that there be no extension of constitutionally mandated term limits and that the technical implementation of the electoral process commence without further delay. He emphasised the importance of realising the commitment to reserve 30% of seats in both Houses of Parliament for women.

The Secretary-General underlined the United Nations’ readiness to support preparations for the 2016 electoral process and its continued assistance for Somalia’s peacebuilding and state-building process, including building Somalia’s security architecture.

The Secretary-General also expressed concern over the humanitarian situation in the country, including the recent deterioration in Somaliland and Puntland due to El Niño-induced drought.

UN SECURITY COUNCIL PRESS STATEMENT ON SOMALIA, 23 May 2016

The members of the Security Council welcomed the opportunity to engage in dialogue with President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, the Federal Government of Somalia, regional leaders, Somali civil society and women’s groups during their visit to Mogadishu on 19 May 2016.

The members of the Security Council welcomed the political and security progress in Somalia since “the transition” ended in 2012 and underscored the need to accelerate Somalia’s peacebuilding and state-building process. They underlined that holding a peaceful, transparent electoral process in 2016 will mark a historic step forward for all Somalis, and will be fundamental for the country’s continued progress towards democracy and stability.  The members of the Security Council recalled Security Council resolution 2232 (2015), which set out their expectation that there shall be no extension of the electoral process timelines in Somalia

In this context the members of the Security Council welcomed the electoral process set out in the decree issued by President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud on 22 May 2016, which they noted  should enable necessary technical preparation and implementation without further delay.   The members of the Security Council noted that Somali leaders have worked hard to achieve agreement on the modalities of the electoral model and commended President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and the Federal Government of Somalia for their actions to ensure the timelines for the electoral process are upheld.

The members of the Security Council emphasised that the challenge now is to prepare and implement the elections and renewed their call on all Somali stakeholders to work constructively to that end, without delay.

The members of the Security Council noted that this is a historic opportunity to deliver more representative governance to the people of Somalia.  In this respect they commended the Federal Government’s commitment to reserve 30 percent of seats in the upper and lower houses for women.  The members of the Security Council also emphasised the importance of adhering to the political road map between now and 2020, in particular in order to reach one-person, one-vote elections by 2020.

The members of the Security Council further underlined their determination to play a constructive and active role in the months ahead.

UN Security Council Press Statement on Somalia, 21 April 2016

On 19 April 2016, the members of the Security Council were briefed by the President of Somalia, His Excellency Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, on political progress in Somalia.  The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia, Michael Keating, and Permanent Observer of the African Union to the United Nations, Ambassador Tete Antonio also briefed on the situation in Somalia.

The members of the Security Council expressed their full support for Special Representative Keating and the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia.

The members of the Security Council commended President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and the Federal Government of Somalia for the political progress made in Somalia in the last four years, in particular the agreement on a model for the electoral process planned for August 2016, which should be a stepping stone to one person one vote elections in 2020. They commended the Federal Government’s commitment to reserve 30% of seats in the Upper and Lower Houses of Parliament for women.  The members of the Security Council called on the Parliament to endorse swiftly the implementation plan decided by the National Leadership Forum as soon as possible. They underlined that a peaceful, transparent and inclusive electoral process in 2016 will mark a historic step forward for all Somalis, and will be fundamental for the country’s continued progress towards democracy and stability.

The members of the Security Council recalled their expectation that there shall be no extension of the electoral process timelines in Somalia.

The members of the Security Council called for progress on the constitutional review process and for the completion of the federal state formation process to be accelerated. They underlined the importance of good faith cooperation between federal and regional authorities in Somalia on these issues.

The members of the Security Council expressed grave concern at the fragility of the security situation in Somalia.  They reiterated their strong condemnation of attacks and recruitment of children by the terrorist group Al-Shabaab and paid tribute to AMISOM and the Somali National Army for their efforts in reducing the threat posed by Al-Shabaab.  The members of the Security Council underlined the importance of the continuation of offensive operations against Al-Shabaab by the Somali National Army and AMISOM, in a well-coordinated manner and in line with the qualitative improvements requested in Security Council resolution 2232 (2015), and in full compliance with international humanitarian  law and the protection of civilians.

The members of the Security Council were briefed by the African Union on the financial, operational and logistical challenges facing AMISOM.  They underscored the importance of enhancing command and control, and improving coordination within AMISOM, as well as the swift appointment of a Force Commander, as contained in the Conclusions of the Summit of the Troop and Police Contributing Countries of AMISOM in Djibouti on 28 February, and called for the swift and full implementation of these commitments.

The members of the Security Council paid tribute to the work of the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (SRCC) for Somalia, Ambassador Francisco Caetano Jose Madeira. They underlined the importance of ongoing cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union, including through regular briefings by the SRCC to the Security Council.

The members of the Security Council welcomed the efforts made by the Federal Government of Somalia to strengthen the capacity and accountability of Somali security institutions, including the completion of the National Threat Assessment and draft National Security Policy.  They urged the swift completion of the National Security Policy and National Security Architecture.  The members of the Security Council welcomed the Federal Government of Somalia’s steps to establish professional, inclusive and accountable security forces, with sound financial management.  They expressed their full support for this process, encouraged the Government to intensify efforts and urged Member States to contribute to this process.  The members of the Security Council reiterated that security sector reform is critical to enable Somalia to assume control of its own long term security.

The members of the SC expressed concern about the fragile humanitarian situation in Somalia and the humanitarian impact of El Niño, they urged all parties to facilitate timely, unhindered and safe access for humanitarian actors and to find durable solutions for the 1.1 million Somalis internally displaced, and appealed donors to increase support to the humanitarian appeal for Somalia.

The members of the Security Council reiterated their support for peace, stability and development in Somalia.

 

Readout of the Secretary-General’s meeting with H.E Mr. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, President of Somalia

The Secretary-General met with the President of Somalia on the margins of the African Union Summit in Addis Ababa, and he commended the tangible progress achieved in Somalia in the past four years following the establishment of the Federal Government and emphasized the need to continue to make more progress so as address the multi-faceted challenges of the country. He underscored the importance of advancing a comprehensive approach to address the root causes of violent extremism.

The Secretary-General highlighted the need for the Parliament and the Government to be more inclusive and representative, including ensuring representation of women. He further encouraged the Federal Government to continue to show leadership in addressing the issue of conflict-related sexual violence.

The Secretary-General stressed the urgency for the Government to establish a federal security sector architecture, as well as the need to further build up security forces to consolidate the gains made by AMISOM and Somali national security forces.
The Secretary-General also encouraged Somalia to strongly commit to the sustainable development goals.

Addis Ababa, 31 January 2016

 

Security Council Press Statement on Al Shabaab Attack in Somalia

African Union (AU) troops in the Gedo region of Somalia. Photo: AU UN IST/Mahamud Hassan

African Union (AU) troops in the Gedo region of Somalia. Photo: AU UN IST/Mahamud Hassan

The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the attack on 15 January 2016 perpetrated by Al-Shabaab in el-Ade, Somalia which has resulted in a number of deaths and injuries.

The members of the Security Council expressed their deep sympathy and condolences to the families of the victims, as well as to the people and Government of Somalia and the Republic of Kenya. The members of the Security Council wished a speedy recovery to those injured.

The members of the Security Council underscored their full support to AMISOM in delivering their mandate to reduce the threat posed by the terrorist group Al Shabaab and armed opposition groups in Somalia. The members of the Security Council underscored their gratitude for the bravery and sacrifices of AMISOM personnel in carrying out their mandate.

The members of the Security Council reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security.

The members of the Security Council underlined the need to bring perpetrators, organizers, financiers and sponsors of these reprehensible acts of terrorism to justice. The members of the Security Council stressed that those responsible for these killings should be held accountable, and urged all States, in accordance with their obligations under international law and relevant Security Council resolutions to cooperate actively with all relevant authorities in this regard.

The members of the Security Council reiterated that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed. The members of the Security Council reaffirmed the need for all States to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and other obligations under international law, including international human rights law, international refugee law, and international humanitarian law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts.

The members of the Security Council further stressed the need to take measures to prevent and suppress the financing of Al Shabaab, and any other terrorist group in Somalia.

The members of the Security Council paid tribute to all international actors working to bring peace and stability in Somalia. The members of the Security Council reiterated their determination to support the peace and reconciliation process in Somalia. They underlined that neither this, nor any other terrorist attack would weaken that determination.

15 January 2016